## India Ministry of Coal Receives 22 CTL Applications

##### 05 August 2008

India’s Ministry of Coal has received 22 applications in response to the bidding process it commenced early last month for the allocation of captive coal blocks for coal-to-liquid (CTL) projects.

Domestic industry majors hopeful of securing captive coal mines include the Tata Group (Mumbai), Reliance Industries Limited (Mumbai) and Reliance Power Limited (RIL) (Mumbai). RIL had sent in an $8 billion investment proposal to set up a CTL project with a capacity of 80,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of oil and requiring 1.5 billion tons of coal reserves. Sasol Limited (Johannesburg, South Africa) had also expressed interest in partnering with the Tata Group for setting up a similar CTL project with a capacity of 80,000 bbl/d and investments of around$8 billion.

These huge coal projects may quickly collapse with the introduction of quantum leap micro-energy generators. It would be smart for Tata and other mineral/mining operations to position themselves to participate in these new technologies. Coal, oil, even NG, begins to teeter on the edge of extinction.

"These huge coal projects may quickly collapse with the introduction of quantum leap micro-energy generators. "

what in the blazes is a 'quantum leap micro-energy generator'? sounds like a load of hogwash to me. i suspect you are being sarcastic/ironic; if so, it's not really appropriate when you are talking about projects that will likely spew gigatonnes of carbon into the atmosphere over their collective lifetime; the 'Asian Brown Cloud' will continue its menacing expansion. there is not even the hint of a mention of any kind of carbon reduction/sequestration tech. really, what is the point of us (in Europe) driving tiny, fuel-efficient cars when India probably gets through enough coal in a week to wipe out any benefit?

Valid points eric. while there is a move in India to limit the import of the cheapest, high sulfur coal - they continue to build gigawatts of coal fired plants. Maybe the IPCC can direct some attention to these emergent nations?

I think Sulleny refers to low temperature high efficiency electrolyzing technologies that make on-demand H2/Stirling-type gensets probable.

Hmm...
The report should (have) mention(ed) that India currently imports some coal for power generation, mainly because utilizing current reserves poses infrastructure/efficiency problems. Moreover, Indian coal has higher ash (mineral) content compared to, say US/South African coals. CTL can be done via direct/indirect liquefaction. Direct liquefaction (where H2 is added to the coal & the coal is liquefied) needs a low-ash content coal. Therefore, the caveat here is that processes based on direct liquefaction (not Sasol), may not be viable in India.
For more info, look up GCC + CTL in Google or an article co-authored by Ananth Chikkatur (currently at Harvard)
http://www.indiatogether.org/2008/jul/eco-ctlpolicy.htm

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