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ZEP Unveils Proposal for EU Demonstration Program to Accelerate Deployment and Availability of CCS

The demonstration phase will require funding to close the gap between the cost of CCS and the price of carbon. Click to enlarge.

The European Technology Platform for Zero Emission Fossil Fuel Power Plants (ZEP) unveiled a report outlining the rapid deployment of an EU-wide CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) Demonstration Program—integrating all aspects of CO2 capture, transport and storage—which would speed up the deployment of CCS in the EU by 10 years and contribute to the commercial availability of CCS by 2020.

An wide range of experts and stakeholders participated in the creation of the report, which outlines every aspect of CCS demonstration to establish the optimal portfolio of projects across Europe necessary to cover a full range of CCS technologies and fuel sources, geographies and geologies.

Their work concluded that:

  1. A total of 10–12 demonstration projects will be required to test a variety of technologies to reduce costs and risks and contribute to public understanding and awareness, and that currently proposed CCS projects across the EU can satisfy the majority of the criteria that need to be tested.

  2. In addition to the base cost of the power plants (€10 billion - €12 billion), industry is prepared to take on the commercial and technical risks associated with building the 10–12 integrated demonstration projects. However, a funding gap of €7 billion - €12 billion will remain to meet the costs of building and running the additional CCS installations and reduced plant efficiency.

  3. The contribution of industry to filling this gap will be determined through a rigorous tender process.

  4. The speeding up of the tendering and permitting process, and creating an appropriate regulatory climate, is integral to ensuring the EU CCS Demonstration Program delivers CCS as a commercially viable technology by 2020.

  5. EU-wide coordination and implementation for the Demonstration Program will provide significant advantages, including: the optimization of a diverse portfolio; facilitation of the rapid and widespread application of CCS in the EU and the establishment of a tangible European leadership position in the battle against climate change.

The selection criteria for an EU Demonstration Program address all of the links in the CCS value chain and the required context. Specifically, this will require the testing of:

  • Various emissions sources, including power plants with different fuels and the CO2 streams from other industries, like steel or cement plants.

  • The three primary means of capturing CO2:pre- and post-combustion and oxyfuel.

  • Different modes of transporting CO2: pipelines on- and offshore and across borders, and transport by ship.

  • The two primary means of storing CO2: depleted oil and gas fields and different saline aquifers.

ZEP’s proposal for an EU-wide portfolio of large-scale CCS demonstration projects answers the European Council’s March 2007 request that up to 12 CCS demonstration projects be up and running by 2015.



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