The US House of Representatives on Friday narrowly passed H.R. 2454, the American Clean Energy and Security Act, sponsored by Rep. Henry A. Waxman, Chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, and Rep. Edward J. Markey, Chairman of the House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming. (Earlier post, earlier post, earlier post, earlier post.) The vote was 219 for, 212 against, with 3 no votes.
211 Democrats voted for the measure, 44 against, with one no vote. Eight Republicans voted for the measure, 168 against, with 2 no votes.
Among the major provisions of the bill:
Requires electric utilities to meet 20% of their electricity demand through renewable energy sources and energy efficiency by 2020.
Invests $190 billion in new clean energy technologies and energy efficiency, including energy efficiency and renewable energy ($90 billion in new investments by 2025), carbon capture and sequestration ($60 billion), electric and other advanced technology vehicles ($20 billion), and basic scientific research and development ($20 billion).
Mandates new energy-saving standards for buildings, appliances, and industry.
Reduces carbon emissions from major US sources by 17% by 2020 and more than 80% by 2050 compared to 2005 levels. Complementary measures in the legislation, such as investments in preventing tropical deforestation, are intended to achieve significant additional reductions in carbon emissions.
The legislation now moves to consideration by the Senate.