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Series Production of Second-Generation smart Electric Drive to Begin in November

Smarted
The smart electric drive. Click to enlarge.

Series production of the second-generation electric drive smart fortwo (earlier post) will begin in mid-November 2009 at the smart factory in Hambach, France. The second-generation smart fortwo EV is fitted with a 14 kWh lithium-ion battery pack from Tesla Motors (earlier post), housed in a space-saving position between the axles.

A 30 kW electric motor is fitted at the rear and offers 120 N·m of torque. The smart fortwo electric drive accelerates from 0 - 60 km/h in 6.5 seconds – just as quickly as a gasoline model which it initially leaves behind it. Its maximum speed has been deliberately limited to 100 km/h, a suitable speed for the city, according to smart.

Due to the power characteristic of the electric motor, the smart fortwo electric drive needs just one single fixed gear ratio. There is no need for any gear changing – an advantage in dense city traffic. To reverse, the engine's direction of rotation changes.

The smart fortwo electric drive can be charged at any 220V normal household socket. A fully charged battery is sufficient for up to 115 kilometers (71 miles) of driving (NEDC). Studies have shown that cars drive an average of 30 - 40 kilometers per day in towns and cities. For this, the vehicle only needs to be charged for three hours. Plugging the car in overnight will fully recharge the battery.

The vehicle’s power electronics supply the electrical system with electric current from the battery via a DC/DC converter. In addition, they also control the heating and air conditioning to minimize the strain on the battery. Drivers can air condition their smart fortwo electric drive in advance as long as their vehicle is being charged at home. No other car yet offers this option.

The new second generation smart fortwo electric drive is based on the smart fortwo coupé/cabrio passion. As well as air conditioning with automatic temperature control all the equipment features of the popular passion equipment line are included. In addition to the battery indicator, an ammeter shows the consumption and the recuperated energy.

Based on German electricity prices it costs approximately two euros to drive the smart fortwo electric drive for 100 kilometers (even less with off-peak electricity). This is less than the price of two liters of gasoline. The maintenance costs are considerably lower than those of a smart with a combustion engine as the battery, motor and other components of the electric drive are maintenance-free.

From the end of 2009 the smart fortwo electric drive will be delivered to selected leasing customers. Leases will be offered for a period of four years and 60,000 kilometers. The first vehicles are destined for the e-mobility Berlin project.

Further vehicles of the new generation smart fortwo electric drive will take to the roads of Hamburg, Paris, Rome, Milan, Pisa, Madridand they will also be deployed in further projects in Europe. Some of the models will also go to cities in the USA.

Starting in 2012, the electric drive smart will be produced in large volumes as a normal part of the smart range and sold via the smart dealer network.

Comments

HarveyD

Could become one of many future e-city cars.

With future Toyota & University of Tohoku lithum batteries will a ten-fold improved capacity, many more BEVs will be common place in a few years.

BEVs will take off with up to 1000 Wh/Kg quick charge, long life, batteries within 10 years.

Who knowns, Hummers with 300 KWh battery packs may be back.

Ben

Why 60mph limit? I hope that can be hacked.

Arne

Drivers can air condition their smart fortwo electric drive in advance as long as their vehicle is being charged at home. No other car yet offers this option.

The new Toyota Prius offers this option. With a solar moonroof, you can run the fan while the car is parked to keep the interior temperature lower. And you can start the A/C through the remote before entering and/or starting the car.

Arne

Ben,

I agree, a 100 km/h speed limit makes no sense, too slow to enter a highway imo. Many cities have highways running through them, and even if you use them only for a few kilometres, I wouldn't feel comfortable doing so in a car that is limited to 100 km/h. 110 would be the lower limit for me to comfortably enter a highway.

Mannstein

Luxury car of the future.

Ben

Mannstein,

What is luxuries about a mini?

Multi-Modal Commuter Dude (formerly known as Bike Commuter Dude)

Being able to afford/attain the fuel is luxurious...

sulleny

Interesting to see Tesla enabling yet another EV product - this time in the Euro market. After 30 years of greens it took the computer geeks to start the electrification revolution. More power to 'em.

Ben

being able to attain electricity is a luxury... what planet are you on?

chewy

A Smart pimped by a Tesla pack - nice. pwnaged

IMHO the 100km/h limit suits just perfect for European major cities.
And for the long trip catch a rental, plane, train or whatever.

Last missing link is a European net of rapid chargers (30min. LEAF stuff), then we are all set.
Batteries are going to improve anyway. It's just the beginning of bat. mass production.

DaveD

Interesting. They are assuming that it will get 5 miles/kWh and it will use 100% of the 14kWh pack. I guess they are using Lithium Polymer because I don't know of any other chemistry that allows 100% DOD without some major affect on battery life.

Henry Gibson

A small vehicle can get more than 5 miles per kilowatt hour. Careful driving will get you even more. I learned the term "range anxiety" recently, but it actually has had almost no effect on people buying an electric car except that it has made electric cars far too expensive with manufacturers planning larger and larger batteries for cars and thinking that lithium batteries needed to be used.

I will introduce the term "performance anxiety" that is will the car embarrass you by moving a little bit to slow from a stop, as if you don't do this with your cell phone already. This has also made the electric car far too expensive as all the problems with the Tesla show.

The 13 pound OPOC engine will charge a battery at the rate of 10Kw or more but it also takes a generator that might weigh 20 pounds or more. This is only one example of a range extender that will get you through any city and has the ability to run the vehicle at 60 miles per hour for many hours on a level motorway.

Smaller range extenders are good enough for most peoples use of a car. Forget a big battery. Forget the giant range extender in a VOLT. Forget the 100 Kw motor. Just produce a cheap car with limited electric range and infinite fuel range.

A series hybrid car with a very small battery is already nearly twice as fuel efficient in city driving. ..HG..

Alessio

These types of cars are perfect for car sharing schemes in big cities: city only driving, shorter than average commutes, lot's of idling time, no cost of possession for final users.
They would just need to install chargers at the car parking location and to enforce the user to reconnect the car to a charger at the end of the trip.
Car sharing schemes should and would become more and more adopted for big cities with good public transport, where car ownership is a luxury and not a need.

Will S

I actually have no issue with the 100 km/hr limit. I drive now between 55 and 60 mph, getting over 80 mpg at times with my Insight, so have little concern with a vehicle having the same characteristics.

My state's former Republican US Senator remarked last year that those who were concerned about oil prices and dependence on foreign oil producers had it within their power to reduce their driving time and keep to 55 mph on the highway.
http://www.mcclatchydc.com/227/story/43926.html

HarveyD

HG:

You described the future (2011/12) Tata PHEV.

Many more may follow.

skierpage

The first generation Smart ED claimed 120 km/h top speed. That had a Zytek motor and sodium-nickel chloride Zebra batteries, but it's unclear how many Zytek ever produced.

Unlike quadricycle/neighborhood electric vehicles like the Reva G-Wiz and MyCar, the regular smart fortwo is freeway-legal, so I'm not sure why Daimler says "Its maximum speed has been deliberately limited to 100 km/h [62 mph], a suitable speed for the city." If it's for engineering reasons, it's probably because the transmission gearing and motor RPM limit the top speed. It could also be because higher speeds drain the battery very quickly. You'll have no problem entering a highway so long as the car can accelerate quickly to that speed.

Sounds like a worthy small electric car. If you want more power and range, get a Mini E, whose 2.5 times bigger battery pack turns it into another two-seater!

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