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General Motors India And REVA Form Partnership To Develop Electric Vehicles for Indian Market

The new REVA NXG introduced at IAA, due for production in 2011, features a Li-ion phosphate pack. Click to enlarge.

General Motors India and Reva Electric Car Company (REVA) have entered into a collaboration agreement to develop electric vehicles for the Indian market. The partnership will develop car platforms, electric vehicle technology and advanced control systems.

The agreement was announced jointly by Karl Slym, president and managing director, General Motors India and Chetan Maini, deputy chairman and chief technology officer, REVA. The two companies said that they began studies on the feasibility “sometime back”of GM’s vehicle platforms hosting REVA electric drivetrains and that more details on the vehicles will be coming soon.

We are pleased to join hands with REVA to bring affordable small car platform based electric vehicles to the market in line with government objectives to reduce fossil fuel dependence. GM’s ability to develop platforms and REVA’s capability in developing electric drive-trains and control systems will result in the consumer having a wider choice of EVs.

We are going to be working closely with the Central and State Governments in India to develop infrastructure for electric vehicle charging and providing specific financial benefits to consumers, who make the choice to adopt an environment-friendly mode of personal transport.

—Karl Slym, President and Managing Director, GM India

Development of small electric vehicles is a growth area around the global automotive industry and we are excited that this cooperation with REVA in India will accelerate GM’s progress to meet the emerging needs in many parts of the world.

—Nick Reilly, President of GM International Operations

At the Frankfurt Motor Show (IAA), REVA unveiled two new M1 classified electric cars. (Earlier post.) The REVA NXR is a four-seat, three-door hatchback family car suitable for urban driving that can be ordered at the show, with production scheduled to commence at the beginning of 2010. The REVA NXG, due for production in 2011, is a sporty two-seater with a targa roof that was designed by Dilip Chhabria of the automotive design company DC Design.

The NXR is available in two specifications: the NXR City uses a 7.5 kWh lead acid battery pack with a 13 kW, 52 N·m AC induction motor, offering a range of 80 km (50 miles) and a top speed of 80 km/h (50 mph). The NXR Intercity uses a 14 kWh Li-ion battery pack and a 25 kW, 92 N·m AC induction motor, offering a range of 160 km (99 miles), and a top speed of 104 km/h (65 mph). Both models feature a 2.2 kW built-in charger with safety interlock.

The NXG features a Li-ion phosphate battery pack that support a 200 km (124 mile) range with a top speed of 130 km/h (81 mph). Dual charging ports support regular and fast charge, offering effective daily range of 400 km / 250 miles, given access to a fast charging station.

REVA is selling or test marketing its products in 24 countries across Europe and Asia, as well as Latin and Central America. It has the largest deployed fleet of electric cars on the market with more than 3,000 EVs on the road and more than 70 million kilometers of user experience. In recognition of its technology leadership, REVA was the recipient of the Frost & Sullivan 2008 Automotive Powertrain Company of the Year award.

The company is building a new ultra low carbon vehicle assembly plant in Bangalore, with a capacity of 30,000 units per year to accommodate increased production.



Both India and China will have, by far, the largest world market for small affordable BEVs in the very near future. One could say that's where the birth of mass produced BEVs will take place.

A very wise decision by New GM. That may be the best way (with similar JV in China) to learn how to build affordable (under $10K) BEVs for the worldwide market.

With some minor changes, those affordable BEVs will find their way to USA, a few years latter if not blocked by smart self-preservation laws and regulations.

Henry Gibson

Imagine that; an electric car that has only a thirteen kW motor and Lead batteries. Such a car is impossible; electric cars must accelerate from zero to sixty in four seconds or there is no use for them.

It is good to see that they are also building the car that can actually be used by millionaires.

At one time, a Chinese produced alternator-inverter with a capacity of 300 watts was produced and sold for $50. An electric start version could be built with a few power transistors and could charge this vehicle's battery.

Assuming that these cars went 50 miles an hour for an hour and went 50 miles, the average horsepower would be about 7kW (9.2 HP). For infinite range with fuel stops only 7kW from a range extender is needed. A Prius sized car would only need a 10 kW or less range extender generator for infinite range with fuel stops.

I have never seen a car being refueled when running on a road, and I have seldom seen it mentioned that a regular car can only go so many miles on a tank of fuel. Every electric car should have at least a tiny range extending generator just so that its range never has to be mentioned in any writing. This is so that buyers never will have to be worried about being stranded if they fill up with fuel every 500 miles or so of range extender operation.

A model of this car with a ZEBRA battery could be more suited to hot climates. ..HG..



I agree, except for the "smart self-preservation laws and regulations."

Crushing the EV1/NiMH/CARB regulations didn't preserve GM - at least not outwardly.



Smart self preservation laws and regulations are not always initiated (or forced on) by manufacturers, banks, Wall Street, farmers, big Oil, etc. Large and not so large unions, religious pressure groups, ecology pressure groups, pro-immigration pressure groups, nature loving groups, sun lovers etc., to name a few, also play their part.

Look at what is happening with wind farms, nuclear plants etc.

Look around to see who has something to gain and you will soon see where the pressure will come from.

With regards to basic, low cost, low performance BEVs the anti-groups will naturally be:

1) Big-3 + friends
2) Big-3 parts suppliers
3) All UAW members
4) Politicians from all States currently providing related manufacturing facilities.
5) Big oil and retailers
6) ICE vehicles repair garages and parts suppliers.
7) Ethanol and corn producers
8) Etc, etc.

Within a few months, small BEVs will more or less be banned for a multitude of false reasons and/or high import duties will be applied as it is for imported Ethanol, wood products, steel, tires etc.

Free market is often a one way street.


will more or less be banned for a multitude of false reasons and/or high import duties will be applied as it is for imported Ethanol, wood products, steel, tires etc.

Free market is often a one way street.

Your telling me? Dude I'm from British Columbia and I've know this for +25 years; ever since some Governor realized his state didn't have enough virgin forests left to compete fairly in the international trade of lumber.


That is too depressing. God forbid!
Let us hope the Volt and other EV's can do reasonably well. Well, enough to make GM consider a cheaper model, or some other company. If it's built here there won't be as much opposition.


Face it – there is almost always no market for these autos you wish were imported that aren't.

I worry about you and the effects such delusions will have on the US when you attribute this to conspiracies.

Have you tried to buy any protected, US made clothing, furniture, TVs, cameras, camcorders, hybrid vehicles, oil, steel, toys, tools, factory machinery, etc that proliferates due to protectionism?

Are you unable to find Corollas, Civics, Tundras, Priuses, Camrys, Accords, Altimas, Lexuses, VWs, MBs Infinities. Porches, Kias, Sonatas, etc. etc.?

When a foreign auto will sell, someone will bring it in.

Will you're wanting it to be available, bring it here?

NO. Live with this.


ToppaTom, are you saying there's no market for small cars in U.S.? or there's no market for EV's in U.S.
I would agree there WAS no market before higher gas prices. But as cost of gas goes up americans will get interested.



Somebody will build limited performance, city type BEVs, in Pennsylvania within 24 months or so.

Many large cities will buy them for their parking tickets agents etc.

The current Big-3 may not be able to make the transition fast enough. Newcomers (not neccessarily from USA) may build the future affordable (first generation) BEVs.

What will the Big-3 do to survive (in USA)? They can't rely on the Recovery Program money for more than 2 or 3 years. Transfering a very large percentage (or most of) of their manufacturing activities to countries with lower labour cost may be unavoidable.


I am saying there's a HUGE market for GOOD small cars in U.S.
That’s why the roads are awash with Corollas, Civics, Kias, Camrys, Accords, Altimas, various VWs etc.

And there is a HUGE market for good affordable EV's in the U.S - WHEN battery prices come down (high gas prices will speed the transition).

These will be hybrids, BEVs, REVs (some with 80hp ICEs for those who demand full power to 300 miles, some with 15 hp extenders for those who know they will rarely need it).

Yes, there WAS no market before higher gas prices. But as cost of gas goes up and battery cost goes down, Americans will get interested.

This has almost nothing to do with what GM builds or does not build or crushes.

This has little to do with what US industry TRIES to convince/pay the government to block – that’s why the roads are awash with small cars and most of our manufacturing is gone.

There may be no transition for the “current Big-3”. Newcomers (not necessarily from USA) and foreign auto makers may build the affordable (first and future generation) BEVs.

You are right, the “Big-3” can't rely on the Recovery Program money for more than 2 or 3 years. Transferring a very large percentage (or most of) of their manufacturing activities to countries with lower labor cost may be unavoidable.

Sadly, this rarely, if ever, does more than slow the death of a US industry.



Do you know how the Big-3 could stay competitive, (and alive) mass producing future affordable lower cost PHEVs and BEVs with or without UAW members?

There aren't 100 different ways:

1) local high paid labour (hours) usage will have to be reduced to a strict minimum. UAW will scream.

2) lower cost parts, sub-assemblies, e-ancillaries, etc may have to be imported from Big-3 plants abroad. UAW will scream some more.

3) complete e-vehicles may have to be imported from Big-3 plants abroad. UAW will scream louder and march on the capital.

4) Could much higher automation offset most of the labour cost differential? May be..... but governments will be asked to to put out another $100+ B, for new plant equipment and to retire, recycle, re-train UAW members. Will the other 98.5% of the population agree?

Number (4) may be unavoidable if we want a broad based local car industry. Otherwise, cars may go as TVs. radios, telephones, tools, etc went.


GM could immediately improve by applying all executive pay/pensions/bonuses/benefits to bailout debt.

The executives that bankrupted the company certainly aren't worth more pay than the average worker.



Big-3 management could certainly be downsized too, at the same rate as market share?

How many got fired when their sales went down 40%+?


Good perspective HarveyD.

Much higher automation is essential to offset the labor cost differential.

Ford will have to get union agreement - LOL.

Same for GM and Chrysler? LOLouder.

And they may well need governments funds if they were somehow allowed to automate.

All those other industries you mention (with and without unions) are gone.

The auto industry is one of the last to go - Maybe the "Big-3" executives are much more capable than the others.


HD, don't just fire Big 3 management with their seven-figure salaries - take their 'executive benefits' and leave them with only the benefits/pensions of workers.

After all, only the corporate offices are legally responsible for the bankruptcies and layoffs they caused.

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