France Launches 14-Point Plan to Accelerate Development of Electric Cars and Plug-in Hybrids; €1.5B for Charging Infrastructure, New €625M Li-ion Battery Plant
Jean-Louis Borloo, France’s Minister for Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea, presented a national 14-point plan designed to accelerate the development and subsequent commercialization of electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids in France. The government intends for its strategy to lead to the production of two million EVs and PHEVs (combined) by 2020.
Among the financial highlights of the plan are a public investment of €1.5 billion (US$2.2 billion) to establish a network of 1 million charging points by 2015 and the building of a €625 million (US$910 million) lithium-ion battery plant at a plant owned by Renault with a public contribution of €125 million (US$182 million) toward the total.
The 14 elements of the plan are:
ADEME (the French Environment and Energy Management Agency) will launch in early 2010 a new call for projects on infrastructure costs, to support plug-in demonstrators and trials combining infrastructure, applications and target territories, and to validate the functioning of the ecosystem of rechargeable vehicles. Budget: €70 million (US$102 million).
ADEME will establish early in 2010 a roadmap for specific new mobility solutions, dealing with developments in transportation of people or goods, based both on technology (new vehicles, dissemination of renewable energy, electric traction, etc.) and service (Vélib, Carsharing, Carpool, etc.) ADEME will then launch a new call for projects, with a budget of €25 million (US$36 million).
Renault will establish a Li-ion battery factory in Flins, in partnership with CEA (France's Atomic Energy Commission), at an investment of €625 million. This site may produce more than 100,000 batteries per year. Bolloré, Dassault and Saft are also conducting parallel projects.
A group of large companies and associations of local and state officials are committing to purchase electric vehicles with a range of at least 150 km. The public tenders and private joint purchasing will target a market fleet of 100,000 vehicles by 2015. The first 50,000 are already identified. Led by La Poste, the group includes EPA, Air France, Areva, Bouygues, Darty, EDF, Eiffage, France Telecom, GDF SUEZ, SNCF, SPIE, UGAP, Veolia, Vinci, associations and communities represented by Association of Urban Communities of France and the Association of Regions of France.
A €5,000 grant for the purchase of vehicles with CO2 emissions less than or equal to 60 g/km until 2012. Hybrids with CO2 emissions are less than or equal to 135 g may receive a bonus of €2,000, as will LPG or natural gas vehicles.
Availability of a standard outlet to charge the cars outside of the home. Specifically, no charge should be needed at home.
By 2012 the construction of buildings (offices and homes) with compulsory integration of charging systems.
Supporting the installation of charging systems in condominiums.
Compulsory charge points in parking for office buildings by 2015.
Agreement on common European charging standards.
Municipalities to receive support to deploy the public recharging infrastructure.
Organize the operational deployment of the network. €1.5 billion for public infrastructure.
Maximize the use of low-carbon or renewable electricity for recharging vehicles.
Giving batteries and battery materials a second life after their vehicular applications, either through reuse (in grid storage, for example), or recycling.
A French government working group on recharging infrastructure concluded that on-board charger should have a minimum capacity of 24 kVA (19.2 kw). This would enable the deployment of a universal infrastructure, independent of the type of vehicle.