|The Chevrolet Spark. Click to enlarge.|
GM Europe is launching the Chevrolet Spark (earlier post), providing more detail on the all-new mini car prior to its going on sale in Europe in the first quarter of 2010. The mini-car (A car) segment is the fastest growing area of the new car market globally. In 2009 the A segment represented almost 10% of the total European passenger car market (up from 6.5% in 2008 and less than 5% in 2005.
Two gasoline engines are on offer at launch with displacements of 1.0 and 1.2 liters. They are closely related and use a cast-iron block and alloy head, with a double overhead camshaft and four valves per cylinder. They feature multi-port fuel injection and are both Euro V emissions compliant. Both engines come with a five-speed manual gearbox.
The two engines use advanced features such as port deactivation technology to improve exhaust gas recirculation, leading to optimal fuel efficiency and idle stability, along with a timing chain to ensure a lifetime of low maintenance and running costs. Spark consumes as little as 5.1 liters of fuel per 100 km and produces CO2 emissions of 119 g/km.
The smaller of the two units is of 995cc displacement and produces 68 hp (50 kW) at 6,400 rpm, enough to power the car from 0-100 km/h (62 mph) in 15.5 seconds, and on to a top speed of 154 km/h (96 mph). For a combined urban and extra-urban cycle, the 1.0 liter Spark requires 5.1 L/100 km (46 mpg US) of fuel, with CO2 emissions of 119 g/km. It produces 93 N·m (69 lb-ft) of torque at 4,800 rpm, with a compression ratio of 9.8:1.The larger unit displaces 1206cc and produces 81 hp (60 kW) at 6,400 rpm, with maximum torque of 111 N·m (82 lb-ft) at 4,800 rpm. It accelerates from 0-100 km/h (0-62 mph) in 12.1 seconds and on to a top speed of 164 km/h (102 mph). Fuel consumption also remains at 5.1 L/100 km with 119 g/km of CO2.
The LPG variants (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) of both engines will be rolled-out in select European markets, starting with Italy in February 2010. Other LPG markets will follow, including France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, Poland and a few other countries. The LPG-variants feature the same displacement, similar torque, horsepower and acceleration as the gasoline cars and achieve substantially lower CO2 emissions and fuel cost. Chevrolet's usual full warranty applies to Spark LPG cars.