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Biogas Climate Benefit Greater Than Previously Thought

Biogas from refuse produces 95% less greenhouse gas emissions than gasoline, according to a new research report. With a few simple improvements to the biogas plants, the figure can rise to 120%—i.e. biogas becomes more than climate neutral. This can be compared with the standard figures used today, which indicate that biogas produces 80% lower emissions than gasoline.

A research group at the Lund University Faculty of Engineering calculated the figures on behalf of the Swedish Energy Agency after having analysed a biogas plant in Skåne. The case study will make it easier to study and optimize other biogas facilities. In Sweden there are some 20 similar plants, producing biogas for use in cars and other vehicles. As much vehicle gas is produced by sewage treatment works that produce biogas from sewage sludge.

The plant we have studied is fairly representative of an average biogas plant that processes waste and manure. In our study we have calculated emissions for the entire production chain and included both direct and indirect emissions. What is particular to our study is that we have included indirect factors that have not previously been taken into account, for example how the ground is affected when mineral fertilizer is replaced with bio-fertilizer.

In addition, methane leaching from the plant is measured and not based on standard data that is often otherwise used in this kind of analysis.

—Mikael Lantz, doctoral student in Environmental and Energy Systems Studies at Lund University’s Faculty of Engineering

The researchers also observed that the biogas releases 16 gram/kWh biogas of the greenhouse gases methane, laughing gas and carbon dioxide. These emissions are around 95% lower than from gasoline and significantly better than the standard values used today.

In order to make the biogas even more climate-friendly, the researchers propose that the plants should be heated using wood chips, which could also be cheaper for the biogas producer.

Another suggestion is to cover the bio-fertilizer stores to reduce the losses of nitrogen and reduce dilution with rain water. The plant has already implemented this measure. By using a few other recommendations as well, the emissions can be reduced to 120 per cent lower than petrol, without increasing the production costs by more than a couple of öre per kWh of vehicle gas.

—Mikael Lantz

More than 23,000 vehicles in Sweden drive on biogas.

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Comments

sulleny

The question arises lately as to we allow former alarmist comrades to save face in the science community. The answer seems to be - why should we? They perpetrated a fraud on millions of well meaning people - making Bernie Madoof look like a swaddling clothed infant.

But mayb e the alarmists with open admission of complicity should be allowed to cling to a sliver of belief in CO2. If these new processes want to believe it necessary to capture and sequester CO2 at their expense. Why not. If they can sell the CO2 - good for them.

This would make a reasonable way to save face - even thought it will be de-listed a pollutant by EPA following court challenges.

Not that scam artists like Phil Jones, should be offered redemption.

The Goracle

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Biogas...

So we don't need to run in circles and scream about the biogas emitting sheep n New Zealand any more?!?! Oh! What a relief... That was tiresome.

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SJC

We can get methane from landfills and then use plasma to convert landfills to fuel. Maybe if we sequester CO2 will will find a use for that too. That would be better than just putting it into the air.

sheckyvegas

Biogas production releases laughing gas? Hey, Hey! I'm heading to the dump!

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