|The 1.6L EcoBoost gasoline engine. Click to enlarge.|
Ford is infusing its European product range with new generations of more efficient gasoline and diesel engines, led by the introduction of two 4-cylinder Ford EcoBoost gasoline units. Developed by Ford engineers based in Europe, the 4-cylinder EcoBoost engines combine high-pressure direct injection, advanced turbocharging and twin variable valve timing to maximize combustion efficiency. The 4-cylinder Ford EcoBoost engines are available as either a 1.6-liter engine with outputs of 150 PS (148 hp, 110 kW) and 180 PS (178 hp, 132 kW), or a 2.0-liter engine for applications of 200 PS (197 hp, 147 kW) and above. (Earlier post.)
The 1.6-liter Ford EcoBoost will be launched in the all-new C-MAX and Grand C-MAX models in late 2010, followed by the next-generation Focus in early 2011. A 2.0-liter engine with 203 PS (200 hp, 149 kW) is being launched in the latest 2010 S-MAX, Galaxy and Mondeo models, which are now in production at Ford’s Genk plant in Belgium. Ford EcoBoost engines are a central element in the company’s global powertrain strategy, with annual sales expected to exceed 1.3 million units by 2013.
In addition to the two 4-cylinder engines, this total also includes the 3.5-liter V6 engine already available in larger vehicles in North America, and a future small displacement engine which will be produced in Europe.
|The 2.0 TDCi diesel. Click to enlarge.|
Duratorq TDCi. Ford has also updated its Duratorq TDCi diesel engines for 2010 to deliver even higher efficiency, with improved performance, fuel economy and refinement. The latest 1.6- and 2.0-liter TDCi diesels benefit from a comprehensive range of engineering changes including:
- Next-generation combustion system design with a lower compression ratio, increased combustion chamber diameter and reduced swirl.
- New higher-pressure common-rail fuel injection systems with advanced multi-hole injectors.
- Smaller, low-inertia variable-geometry turbochargers.
The more efficient combustion system enables these engines to meet Euro 5 emissions standards, while at the same time delivering reduced fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. In addition to greater peak power, the engines benefit from significantly improved driveability, with increased responsiveness and more pulling power at low engine speeds.
The new 1.6-liter TDCi engine will be fitted to the all-new C-MAX and Grand C-MAX, and the next-generation Focus, with 95 PS (94 hp, 70 kW) and 115 PS ( 113 hp, 85 kW) power ratings. It is also available in the 2010 Mondeo. Depending on application, CO2 emissions are reduced by up to 6% compared to the previous 1.6-liter TDCi.
The new 2.0-litre TDCi engine is available in 115 PS, 140 PS (138 hp, 103 kW) and new 163 PS (160 hp, 120 kW) versions, and will be featured in the all-new C-MAX and Grand C-MAX, and the next-generation Focus. The engine is also fitted to the 2010 Kuga, Mondeo, S-MAX and Galaxy models. Depending on application, CO2 emissions are reduced by up to 7% compared to the previous 2.0-liter TDCi.
ECOnetic. Ford’s range of TDCi diesel models features dedicated, ultra-high-efficiency ECOnetic derivatives, which feature an optimized specification for the best fuel economy and lowest possible CO2 emissions. The current Ford ECOnetic model line-up includes versions of the Fiesta, Focus, Mondeo and Transit, with CO2 emissions starting as low as 98 g/km on the Fiesta ECOnetic.
For 2010, Ford is launching an updated Focus ECOnetic, which can be specified with Ford’s first Auto-Start-Stop System in Europe. This takes CO2 emissions down to a class-leading 99 g/km with combined fuel economy of 3.8 L/100 km (62 mpg US) based on the European Fuel Economy Directive EU 80/1268/EEC cycle.
Transmissions. New transmissions include a new 6-speed manual gearbox and the advanced Ford PowerShift 6-speed dual-clutch automatic transmission. New C-MAX, Grand C-MAX and next-generation Focus vehicles fitted with the 1.6-liter Ford EcoBoost petrol and 1.6-liter Duratorq TDCi diesel engines are the first models to be fitted with the completely new 6-speed manual gearbox.
The new Ford Durashift 6-speed transmission is exceptionally light and compact for its torque capacity, and features an optimized design to minimize efficiency losses. Real-world fuel economy is typically reduced by 3 to 5% compared to a prior-generation 5-speed manual gearbox.
An increasing number of models in Europe can now be specified with the advanced, high-efficiency Ford PowerShift automatic transmission. This transmission is a dual-clutch design, combining the efficiency, optimized gear ratios and driving enjoyment of a manual gearbox with the smoothness and ease-of-use of a conventional automatic.
Ford PowerShift is significantly more efficient than traditional torque-converter automatics, resulting in fuel economy and CO2 emissions which are typically reduced by 8 to 10%, and which are very close to those achieved with a manual gearbox.
This transmission is standard equipment on the 2010 Mondeo, S-MAX and Galaxy models with the 2.0-liter Ford EcoBoost gasoline engine, and is also available as an option for the latest 2.0-liter Duratorq TDCi diesel in the all-new C-MAX and Grand C-MAX, next-generation Focus, 2010 Kuga, Mondeo, S-MAX and Galaxy.