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Researcher Describes Conceptual Cold Fusion “Battery”, or Small Power Unit

Professor George Miley of the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and director of its Fusion Studies Lab, reported on progress toward a “cold fusion battery”—a small power unit that uses a low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) (i.e., “cold fusion”) to process an energy release from an electrolytic cell operating at low temperature and that could be competitive with a Li-ion battery or a fuel cell—at the 239th national meeting of the American Chemical Society, which began Sunday in San Francisco.

The process is created by purposely creating defects in the metal electrode of the cell. Deuterium atoms diffuse into the electrode material from the heavy water used in the electrolyte. The deuterium atoms “pile up” in the defect region and form a very dense state that in turn undergoes nuclear reactions—in this case like the original “cold fusion” reactions originally disclosed by Pons and Fleischmann.

The cell generates more energy due to these energy releasing reactions than it consumes in the electrolysis process. Once further optimized and energy conversion elements, such as thermoelectric converters, are added, the cell could produce electricity. This would in effect represent a small “battery” that, due to its nuclear input power processes, could have much longer lifetimes than conventional batteries, Miley said.

Miley’s research is focusing on nano-manufactured structures to achieve a high volumetric density of the trap sites. To initiate the reactions in these ultra-high density deuterium clusters, efficient ways are needed to excite the deuterium via a momentum pulse. One approach is through pulsed electrolysis to achieve high fluxes of deuterons hitting the clusters. Another method uses ion bombardment from a pulsed plasma glow discharge, while electron beam and laser irradiation represent other approaches to be explored.

We are aimed at a power-producing unit. We do this by creating nano voids within the metal lattice where we create deuterium clusters—a sub-lattice of tightly packed deuterium. To do that, we have to do nano manufacturing of material to create the places for it to react, and then we have to create the engineering necessary to control, get the heat out, and convert that to electrical output.

One thing that frustrates me to no end, is that I don’t know how to convert this energy directly. It looks like it will have to be a thermal conversion—that makes it not quite as easy as if I could get a direct conversion to electricity. If I produce heat and then convert, I’ll have to do some really clever elements to be competitive.

—Prof. Miley

Miley’s presentation was part of a larger cold fusion topic focus within the larger ACS national meeting. The cold fusion symposium included nearly 50 papers describing research and discoveries on the topic.

Years ago, many scientists were afraid to speak about ‘cold fusion’ to a mainstream audience. Now most of the scientists are no longer afraid and most of the cold fusion researchers are attracted to the ACS meeting. I’ve also noticed that the field is gaining new researchers from universities that had previously not pursued cold fusion research. More and more people are becoming interested in it. There’s still some resistance to this field. But we just have to keep on as we have done so far, exploring cold fusion step by step, and that will make it a successful alternative energy source. With time and patience, I’m really optimistic we can do this.

—Dr. Jan Marwan, symposium organizer

The term “cold fusion” originated in 1989 when Martin Fleishmann and Stanley Pons claimed achieving nuclear fusion at room temperature with a simple, inexpensive tabletop device. That claim fomented an international sensation because nuclear fusion holds potential for providing the world with a virtually limitless new source of energy. Fuel for fusion comes from ordinary seawater, and estimates indicate that 1 gallon of seawater packs the energy equivalent of 16 gallons of gasoline at 100 percent efficiency for energy production. The claim also ignited scepticism, because conventional wisdom said that achieving fusion required multi-billion-dollar fusion reactors that operate at tens of millions of degrees Fahrenheit.

When other scientists could not reproduce the Pons-Fleishmann results, research on cold fusion fell into disrepute. Humiliated by the scientific establishment, their reputations ruined, Pons and Fleishmann closed their labs, fled the country, and dropped out of sight. The handful of scientists who continued research avoided the term “cold fusion.” Instead, they used the term “low energy nuclear reactions (LENR).” Research papers at the ACS symposium openly refer to “cold fusion” and some describe cold fusion as the “Fleishmann-Pons Effect” in honor of the pioneers, Marwan noted.

The number of presentations on the topic at ACS National Meetings has quadrupled since 2007. Among the other reports scheduled for the symposium are:

  • Michael McKubre, Ph.D., of SRI International in Menlo Park, Calif., provides an overview of cold fusion research. McKubre will discuss current knowledge in the field and explain why some doubts exist in the broader scientific community. He will also discuss recent experimental work performed at SRI. McKubre will focus on fusion, heat production and nuclear products.

  • Melvin Miles, Ph.D., describes development of the first inexpensive instrument for reliably identifying the hallmark of cold fusion reactions: Production of excess heat from tabletop fusion devices now in use. Current “calorimeters,” devices that measure excess heat, tend to be too complicated and inefficient for reliable use. The new calorimeter could boost the quality of research and open the field to scores of new scientists in university, government, and private labs, Miles suggests. He is with Dixie State College in St. George, Utah.

  • Vladimir Vysotskii, Ph.D., presents experimental evidence that bacteria can undergo a type of cold fusion process and could be used to dispose of nuclear waste. He will describe studies of nuclear transmutation—the transformation of one element into another—of stable and radioactive isotopes in biological systems. Vysotskii is a scientist with Kiev National Shevchenko University in Kiev, Ukraine.

  • Tadahiko Mizuno, Ph.D., discusses an unconventional cold fusion device that uses phenanthrene, a substance found in coal and oil, as a reactant. He reports on excess heat production and gamma radiation production from the device. “Overall heat production exceeded any conceivable chemical reaction by two orders of magnitude,” Mizuno noted. He is with Hokkaido University in Japan, and wrote the book Nuclear Transmutation: The Reality of Cold Fusion.

  • Peter Hagelstein, Ph.D., describes new theoretical models to help explain excess heat production in cold fusion, one of the most controversial aspects of the field. He notes that in a nuclear reaction, one would expect that the energy produced would appear as kinetic energy in the products, but in the Fleischmann-Pons experiment there do not appear energetic particles in amounts consistent with the energy observed. His simple models help explain the observed energy changes, including the type and quantity of energy produced. Hagelstein is with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

  • Xing Zhong Li, Ph.D., presents research demonstrating that cold fusion can occur without the production of strong nuclear radiation. He is developing a cold fusion reactor that demonstrates this principle. Li is a scientist with Tsinghua University in Beijing, China.

ACS Press Briefing on Cold Fusion, 21 March 2010. Professor Miley’s brief statement begins at 13:24.






Alvin - your response is exactly what they were trying to get. If you're a PhD with a secure funding source, and you want to maintain & protect that funding source, being overly complex & confusing is a great self-preservation strategy.


Why not producing phenomena demonstration prototype?


Is this another ESStor?


'Why not producing phenomena demonstration prototype?'

Er, they have - that is what the video was telling us.
And this is not another EESTOR, some secretive company which like the guys behind the South Sea Bubble have a project of great advantage, but what it is is to remain confidential.

The science is well beyond me, but you are talking about research papers and reproduced results, published in numerous journals of record, with dozens of researchers involved.


After more than 20 years, some are still willing to do work and publish papers in this area. I am impressed, it takes great courage to work in an area that could end your career.

David Caldine

We're used to thinking about Li-Ion batteries with 200 Wh/kg. In the video Dr. Miles says 1 gram of palladium with the equivalent amount of Deuterium can produce 1 watt for a thousand years. This would be about 9,000,000 Wh/g. If only 1 % could be extracted it would be 90,000 Wh/g, which is 90,000,000 Wh/kg.

Israeli scientists have been successful in boiling water with cold fusion. So if this power source was in a car, it could heat water in a steam engine. Steam engines in cars may not be so efficient, but with 90 kWh/g of zero emission energy, who cares?


Surely the energy it contains says nothing about how fast it could be released?
Using 1g of palladium and 1g of deuterium, then you need 2kg/kw of energy, you just get it for a long time!
So a 90kw energy flow would need 180kg of material, but at 1% efficiency you would need 18 tons, which might be bit heavy!
On the upside, you would not need to recharge it for 1000 years.


Ultra high quality large locomotives and stainless steel ocean going large ships could run on a few hundred tonnes steam plant for 1000 years?

Alternatively, the power plants could be transfered to new lower quality locomotives and/or ships every 50 to 60 years or so.

Long lasting, fixed, heavy, large, centralized power plants may be a better idea?


It's a bit early for production engineering yet. All we know for sure is that there is excess heat. What is going on is not certain.
For all we know it can be packaged in something the size of a bag of sugar and will release energy fast.
At the moment the characteristics look like fixed large power generation applications, so perhaps some sort of start could be made on that.

David Caldine

After watching the video again, Dr. Miles actually said 1 cubic centimeter could produce 1 watt for several thousand years.

He also mentions Energetics Technologies, which has done the experiments -

It's apparent the palladium is a type of catalyst and the energy is coming from the deuterium atoms combining to form Helium-4 Their web site has a great animated video of the reactor that explains their theory. They are already targeting residential and commercial water and space heating as their first products. Residential heating needs a few kilowatts. They don't indicate if the reactor would take up the whole basement.


I don't pretend to have a clue either, but those who others more knowledgeable than me reckon those geeks are on to things that make sense to someone, so we shouldn't be disparaging about all that stuff.
Reminds me of the Hawkins bestsellers that it was claimed there were people in this world who could actually understand him.

Now I'm not sure , but then I do know I don't know jack sht.


Have they tried putting their cold fusion battery in a pyramid?

This is sure to greatly increase battery life and increase yield (if they ever get any) but may eventually lead to failure as the ends of the battery plates become sharp as razors.


LOL, toppa.
This is one of those things that just makes me scratch my head. It reminds me of Volta making a frog's leg jump. There's something going on but we don't understand what.

David Caldine

A gallon of sea water may contain the equivalent of 16 gallons of gasoline. So you'll need your local sea water company to deliver a few gallons of sea water each month for your home central heating boiler. At least your house won't smell like oil all day. But the reactor won't use sea water. The deuterium will be separated by electrolysis to form heavy water, which would have a lot more energy density. The energy required for electrolysis would be very small compared to the heat output of the boiler.


Love how this post threatens certain people. LENR has been a significant area of energy research for 20 years.

Toppa, if you put the battery on a platform and the pyramid beneath that platform - it will increase discharge ten fold. However, the substance of the discharge is perplexing.


And what has this got to do with the passage of Health Insurance reform in the USA??


1% output is well within the realm of a measuring error.

Henry Gibson

France, England, Russia and Japan have an excellent opportunity to use their reactors and chemical reprocessing facilities to extract Neptunium 237 from existing nuclear power plant fuels, including US ones, and use the reactors to create Plutonium 238, which if encased in steel box with walls 0.2 centimeters thick gives off no large quantities of anything but heat.

This plutonium isotope cannot be made to have a fast nuclear explosion by any means, and cannot "melt down" but it can supply heat enough to supply power for a car. This fuel reduces its heat production to to half in about 90 years. A stirling engine, made by Infinia or others, can be used to charge a battery. This car when not moving can push excess power into the grid, because the heat must go somewhere. No turn off control is possible and no other controls are needed.

This fuel is used for power in deep space where the sun is a dim star.

Reactors can be built solely for the purpose of making this fuel, and except for fission reactor fuel isotopes, it has the highest volume and mass energy density now available for use.

There are people rich enough to have their car fueled by such material now, and with mass production many more people could.

The Russian government is now in a position to be able to demonstrate a safe nuclear powered airplane that would not have to land for over a century or more.

The new centrifugal means of concentrating isotopes may make it possible to extract the existing plutonium 238 from the present stored used reactor fuel rods, but robots would be needed to service much of the operation just as molten steel is not handled by people with coffee cups.

Carlo Rubbia proposed the non critical Accelerator Driven Reactor which also make the use of Thorium economical and even all transuranics possible for fuel.

This is a reactor that must have a huge electrical source to keep running, and such proposed reactors cannot melt down when turned off because they already contain low temperature liquid lead that can get much hotter without starting to boil. Before the lead gets too hot the residual heat production has reached a much lower value a few hours after the fission was stopped by turning off the accelerator. About three-forths of the electricity is available for sale after one forth is used for the accelerator; this is far better than fusion and can be done with existing machine designs.

Plutonium 238 is a good portable fuel and could even be safely used for handwarmers and was used for very long life Heart Pacemakers; Some of which are still keeping hearts beating.

Do keep in mind that all humans have always had about 4000 internal nuclear explosions every second, and all live things do repair all of the damage, if any most of the time, caused by these explosions; just as they repair damage from light to the skin. ..HG..


My lectures on cold fusion are linked below.


Frank Znidarsic

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