Businessmir. Russia is considering building a coal-to-liquids (CTL) plant, according to Energy Minister Sergei Shmatko, speaking at an energy forum in Moscow. He did not specify the project timeframe, the planned site for construction or the project participants.
Russia holds the world’s second largest recoverable coal reserves (173 billion short tons), behind the United States (274 billion short tons), according to a 2008 assessment by the US Energy Information Administration. Russia produced 321 million short tons in 2006 (roughly a quarter of US coal production), making it the fifth largest in the world.
Russia had originally considered coal liquefaction to produce synthetic fuels some 25 years ago, according to a report in Nezavisimaya Gazeta cited in Rianovosti.
Russia abounds in black and brown coal that can be used to synthesize liquid fuel. This project could accomplish at least two objectives: it could expand gas exports and it could also reduce the social tension in mining regions threatened with all-out unemployment.
...Deputy Energy Minister Anatoly Yanovsky said the Kuzbass, Russia’s leading coal producer in Western Siberia, Eastern Siberia and the Sakha-Yakutia Republic in northeastern Siberia all claimed the right to build a liquid coal production plant.