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India Releases GHG Report; Fifth Largest Emitter in 2007

India has released a report on its greenhouse gas emissions in 2007, becoming the first “non-Annex I” (i.e. developing) country to publish such updated numbers. The country will also publish its emissions inventory in a two-year cycle going forward—the first developing country to do that as well.

India GHG emissions by sector in 2007 (million tons of CO2 eq). Click to enlarge.

Net Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from India in 2007 (emissions with land use, land use change and forestry, LULUCF), were 1727.71 million tons of CO2 equivalent (eq) of which:

  • CO2 emissions were 1221.76 million tons;
  • CH4 emissions were 20.56 million tons; and
  • N2O emissions were 0.24 million tons.

GHG emissions from Energy, Industry, Agriculture, and Waste sectors constituted 58%, 22%, 17% and 3% of the net CO2 eq emissions respectively. Electricity generation accounted for 37.8% of GHG emissions, with 719.31 million tons of CO2 eq. The Transport sector accounted for 7.5% of GHG emissions, with 142.04 million tons of CO2 eq.

The transport sector emissions include all GHG emissions from road transport, railways, aviation and navigation. The total number of registered vehicles in the country has increased from 5.4 million in 1981 to 99.6 million in 2007. Two wheelers and cars constitute nearly 88% of the total vehicles at the national level.

India’s per capita CO2 eq emissions including LULUCF were 1.5 tons/capita in 2007.

According to the results, noted Jairam Ramesh, Minister of State for Environment & Forests, India ranks fifth in aggregate GHG emissions in the world, behind USA, China, EU and Russia in 2007. The emissions of USA and China are almost 4 times that of India in 2007, he noted. The emissions intensity of India’s GDP declined by more than 30% during the period 1994- 2007.

The total GHG emissions without LULUCF have grown from 1251.95 million tons in 1994 to 1904.73 million tons in 2007 at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.3%, for a total increase of 52%.




No surprise and please take note that rapidly developing India, like China is also producing items for export to the USA- thus we have largely outsourced our pollution including GHG's.


We may not like it but China and India, with their very large population + being the world's factories, will sooner or latter become number 1 & 2 GHG emitters. Not much can be done to reverse that trend.


Dont forget jerseygeoff that the same can be said for the us as we make a ton of stuff for export too. So alot of our ghg was building stuff for others as well.


America is number 4 in the world for exports but is a net importer: $1.445 trillion (2009 est.) imported vs $994.7 billion (2009 est.) exported. These exports break down as:
agricultural products (soybeans, fruit, corn) 9.2%, industrial supplies (organic chemicals) 26.8%, capital goods (transistors, aircraft, motor vehicle parts, computers, telecommunications equipment) 49.0%, consumer goods (automobiles, medicines) 15.0%

Your biggest export partners are:
Canada 20.1%, Mexico 11.7%, China 5.5%, Japan 5.1%, Germany 4.2%, UK 4.1% (2008) - meaning a third of what you produce goes to countries that already could produce it cleanly if they had to.


The current very large USA trade deficits are mostly due to energy (crude oil, NG, electricity etc) and manufactured goods imports which are not offset by coal and farm products exports.

However, manufactured goods are already and will be the next source of very large trade deficits if the current outsourcing trend continues. Imported electrified vehicles and batteries could replace current energy (specially crude oil) imports within 10 to 20 years. USA's industries will have to re-learn or find ways to compete with others in this new market.


In 10-20 years china will be replaced by robotic factories here in the us as far as where we get most of our tacky crap. The cost of shipping will just get too extreme as bunker and low grade deisel fuels run out.


Yes, fully automated robotic factories could lower our labor cost but what would we do with up to 100 million unemployed factory workers? To maintain our current standard of living requires that we (husband, wife and older children) work 45+ hours a week and get free health cares, 30+ holidays/vacations a year etc. Globalization and robotic will require major adjustments (up or down) for many nations.

By the way, did you know that you will be buying Chinese crude oil (made in Alberta) very soon? They have bought three major producers and there are no pipelines (yet) to ship that stuff to China.

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