India has released a report on its greenhouse gas emissions in 2007, becoming the first “non-Annex I” (i.e. developing) country to publish such updated numbers. The country will also publish its emissions inventory in a two-year cycle going forward—the first developing country to do that as well.
|India GHG emissions by sector in 2007 (million tons of CO2 eq). Click to enlarge.|
Net Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from India in 2007 (emissions with land use, land use change and forestry, LULUCF), were 1727.71 million tons of CO2 equivalent (eq) of which:
- CO2 emissions were 1221.76 million tons;
- CH4 emissions were 20.56 million tons; and
- N2O emissions were 0.24 million tons.
GHG emissions from Energy, Industry, Agriculture, and Waste sectors constituted 58%, 22%, 17% and 3% of the net CO2 eq emissions respectively. Electricity generation accounted for 37.8% of GHG emissions, with 719.31 million tons of CO2 eq. The Transport sector accounted for 7.5% of GHG emissions, with 142.04 million tons of CO2 eq.
The transport sector emissions include all GHG emissions from road transport, railways, aviation and navigation. The total number of registered vehicles in the country has increased from 5.4 million in 1981 to 99.6 million in 2007. Two wheelers and cars constitute nearly 88% of the total vehicles at the national level.
India’s per capita CO2 eq emissions including LULUCF were 1.5 tons/capita in 2007.
According to the results, noted Jairam Ramesh, Minister of State for Environment & Forests, India ranks fifth in aggregate GHG emissions in the world, behind USA, China, EU and Russia in 2007. The emissions of USA and China are almost 4 times that of India in 2007, he noted. The emissions intensity of India’s GDP declined by more than 30% during the period 1994- 2007.
The total GHG emissions without LULUCF have grown from 1251.95 million tons in 1994 to 1904.73 million tons in 2007 at a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.3%, for a total increase of 52%.