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DOE Launches “Gasifipedia”

The US Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has launched a new section of its public website called Gasifipedia, an online collection of resources to promote better understanding of gasification technology.

The Gasifipedia website contains both introductory and in-depth information about gasification fundamentals, supporting technologies, gasification applications, environmental benefits, and the status of the latest research and development. Accessible from the NETL website, Gasifipedia features the following sections:

  • Introduction to Gasification provides an overview of the gasification process, how the technology has been used in the past, and what forces have caused recent interest in the technology.

  • Gasification in Detail delves into the chemical reactions taking place during the gasification process, and provides an introduction to the various types of gasifiers.

  • Supporting Technologies details the other supporting technologies used in a typical gasification plant that are integrated with the gasification island. These technologies include coal storage and feed preparation, air separation, syngas cooling and heat recovery, syngas cleanup and conditioning, power train, and syngas conversion processes.

  • Applications of Gasification Technology describes the numerous types of gasification facilities: integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) for electrical power, coal to liquid fuels, coal to synthetic natural gas, coal to hydrogen, coal to chemicals, and co-generation plants.

  • Main Advantages of Gasification discusses the main reasons why gasification is considered the best clean-coal technology option for future near-zero-emissions power, fuel, and chemical plants.

  • Gasification Research and Development details the range of research, development, and demonstration activities being conducted to improve the efficiency, feedstock and product versatility, and economics of gasification processes.

Comments

SJC

The name is a bit odd, but the principle is sound. Gasification is a tried and true method, with recent refinements making it even more useful.

Henry Gibson

The US is importing coal from China in the form of chemicals, plastics and other finished product. Making chemicals from gasified coal became obsolete in the US whilst oil was cheap. Now coal is ten to twenty times cheaper delivered, and waste coal can be gasified at the mine. Dakota Gasification is making natural gas and fertilizer from coal. They could have a Zero CO2 emission power plant demonstration tomorrow. This would also be very low SO2 and mercury emission. The first gasification processes for coal collected much fertilizer and the newer ones should also incorporate similar proceses for more efficient fertilizer production.

Coal gasification could eliminate all oil imports to the US in less than ten years and it is the only means possible right now to do that and it is also the best means and cheapest means to improve the US economy. Many jobs can be created fro the building of such plants. many jobs will be needed for the operation of such units. The cheapest and most efficient fuel for automobiles to be produced by such plants is methanol which can also be converted to gasoline for older cars.

Any available biomass can also be added as inputs to such units.

The people of the US and people of the world are now being crucified by politicians and others on a cross of CO2 so that they can pretend to be interested in reducing global warming.

Coal and biomass gasification can reduce the cost of automotive fuel to less than a dollar a gallon, and the only reason oil is so expensive is because speculators keep the price high. The high profits already earned by oil speculation is feeding the high prices. Iraq could load oil on tankers for less than $1.00 a Barrel if there were no terrorists bombing their own countrymen who have slightly different religions and political beliefs.

There is no real peak energy or peak oil possible because Nuclear energy, even from uranium and thorium alone without hydrogen fusion, can produce electricity, oil and automobile and airplane fuel in any amount from the air if necessary. The sun did it millions of years ago; so can humans with nuclear energy. There will be no big piles of nuclear wastes because one pound of uranium can deliver energy equivalent to 2 million pounds of oil. All of the energy used, every year, in the world by humans can be delivered from cube of uranium less than 25 feet on a side. There are uses for the fission products as well. Fission products are less dangerous than cell phones and automobiles, and since the whole world already has had radioactive rocks and soil from the start, adding a few radioactive atoms to already radioactive rock and soil and water will not measurably increase the danger to any form of life all of which have also always been self radioactive.

Fission does not increase the amount of radioactive materials because it converts long live radioactive uranium into some non radioactive materials and some shorter lived radioactive materials. Few if any radioactive atoms with longer lasting radioactivity than uranium are produced by fissioning uranium. All the humans together have not created a net pound of additional radioactive materials, and have eliminated many tons of it instead.

Fusion reactors will be a major net source of radioactive materials and will be able to produce atomic bomb fuel far more quickly and cheaply than fission reactors. All fission fuels were created in long dead and exploded stars with fusion processes for the energy. The fusion reactors that use the cheapest fuels will also be the best ones to make fission bomb fuels. ..HG..

Mannstein

Germany did it 65 years ago based on Fischer Tropsch synthesis.

South Africa did it when the country was under sanctions.

China is doing it presently.

Why not the USA tomorrow? Why indeed.

SJC

We have not because we did not have to. Oil was cheap and plentiful, so why go to extreme measures? Now that demand is increasing rapidly and most of the oil is in the middle east, some of these ideas are coming back around.

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