Scania, Lund, Chalmers and KTH Collaborating in Research on More Efficient, Lower-Emitting Heavy-Duty Engine Fueled by Biofuels
Scania has been granted SEK 30 million (US$4.4 million) by Sweden’s Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation Initiative (FFI) to develop a biofuel engine intended for heavy commercial vehicles. Scania will focus on developing an engine that can operate on both alcohol- and gaseous methane-based fuels that will combine the higher efficiency of diesel (compression ignition) technology with the exhaust aftertreatment systems of Otto (spark ignition) technology.
This research includes systems for premixed combustion, gas exchange systems, optimized valve performance, exhaust gas recirculation and the use of advanced catalyst technology for efficient exhaust aftertreatment.
Such an engine will be optimal in responding to the challenge of achieving low emissions of greenhouse gases, combined with reduced emissions of harmful nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons and particulates.—Jonas Hofstedt, Senior Vice President, Powertrain Development
In its project, Scania is working together with experts in combustion and emission technology at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, Lund University and Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden.
Scania has been granted FFI funding for the phase of the research project that involves the development of innovative technology for both alcohol- and methane gas-based fuels.
The project is part of a bilateral arrangement between Sweden and Brazil in which Scania has been engaged for some time in environmental collaboration with Vale Soluções em Energia S.A. (VSE) on the further development of ethanol- and gas-fuelled industrial engines.
The Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation Initiative (FFI) is a partnership between the public sector (the Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems, VINNOVA; the Swedish Transport Administration; and the Swedish Energy Agency) and the vehicle industry (Scania, AB Volvo; Volvo Car Corporation; Saab; and FKG, a trade association representing Scandinavian suppliers to the automotive industry).
Its purpose is to jointly finance research, innovation and development activities, with a focus on the fields of climate and environment as well as on safety. Initially set to run from 2009-2012 with no definite ending year. FFI has R&D activities worth approx. SEK 1 billion per year (US$148 million), of which half is governmental funding.