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SwRI, India’s Council of Scientific and Industrial Research sign strategic alliance agreement on fuels research and engine development

Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) and India’s Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) signed a three-year Strategic Alliance Agreement in Pune, India, to cooperate in the development of novel technologies in fuels research and engine development projects.

The agreement between SwRI and CSIR, through its Indian Institute of Petroleum Laboratory (IIP), allows for the two research and development organizations to establish a Center of Excellence in “Combustion Characteristics and Emissions of Future Fuels and Engine Development.”

The agreement also encourages SwRI to support CSIR/IIP in developing lubricant evaluation facilities, to cooperate with CSIR/IIP on work for Indian clients, to utilize IIP facilities and expertise in projects run by SwRI, to submit joint R&D projects to the INDO-US Forum for Science & amp;Technology and other governmental agencies in India for funding, and to work together to create joint proposals for organizing seminars in India and the United States.

Engine, vehicle and emissions research and development is growing at a rapid pace in India. Along with increased research in fuels and lubricants required for end use, the strategic alliance with IIP will help accelerate that trend, not only for introduction and use in India, but for potential export.

—Bruce Bykowski, vice president of SwRI’s Engine, Emissions and Vehicle Research Division

SwRI uses a multidisciplinary approach to engine design and development, and test programs on a wide range of components, engines, transmissions and vehicles. It is internationally known for its fuels and lubricants research activities of components and fluids for on-road, off-road, rail and water-borne transportation systems as well as recreational vehicles and stationary power equipment.

IIP is one of 39 national laboratories of the CSIR, a research and development organization that promotes, guides and coordinates scientific industrial research activities through its constituent laboratories in India.

It has undertaken R&D work in petroleum refining, natural gas, alternative fuels, petrochemicals and the utilization of petroleum products in internal combustion engines, and assists the Bureau of Indian Standards in formulating standards for petroleum products, equipment and devices using these products.

In 2010, SwRI established an office in Delhi with Dr. G.K. Sharma as director of India Business Development.

Comments

Henry Gibson

Micro-turbines are very good for combustion engines and get as much efficiency as any automobile engine on the average. Combined with flywheels they can have very good performance.

As a range-extender for large battery vehicles micro-turbines produce almost no dangerous pollutants so that the exhaust air can be breathed for short periods and used for direct heating and drying. Eventually with only one moving part and no oil system, they will be able to be made and sold for a lower cost than diesel engines of the same size. Operation and repair costs are much lower.

The reduction of carbon fuel use is achieved most effectively and at relatively low cost with nuclear reactors; as each pound of uranium used, eliminates the use of about three million pounds of carbon.

There is no doubt in my mind that more efficient vehicle engines can be developed but this achievement is ruined by the ordinary driver at high speeds.

The NOAX free piston engine could be made into the most efficient small engine and get as high of efficiencies as some much large engines. NOAX seems not to promote this for their hydraulic hybrid automobile.

The Kitson-Still locomotive could be a guide to more efficient automobile operation. Perhaps someone would fund DLM to make a miniature version for existing but non operating railroads in poverty areas who insist upon using diesel fuel instead of wood. DLM has obtained two old fireless locomotives (Speicherlocomotiv) and also built a modern steam car.

Nuclear energy and a much larger percentage of battery electric cars designed by TATA for low cost is one answer to India's transportation needs. Skytran should also be considered.

Chris

While many of the proposed ways, both in the article and comments and elsewhere, of increasing efficiency, improving performance and getting more from less, many of these things are relatively minor improvements.

We should be looking towards and addressing some of the more profound and difficult issues with carbon based fuels, such as the limited efficiency of heat engines and how that is so closely linked with the operating temperature. The following link is something I have invented that could help increase the operating temperature of internal combustion engines.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YNsR8Aip0MA

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