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Petrobras joins Model Fuels Consortium II

Reaction Design, a leading developer of advanced combustion simulation software, announced that Brazil’s Petrobras has joined the Model Fuels Consortium II (MFC II). (Earlier post.) Petrobras was a participant in the inaugural phase of the Consortium and is keenly interested in the Consortium’s work toward creation of accurate fuel models and combustion simulation tools that will enable the next generation of more efficient engines used for transportation and power generation.

Fuel producers must consider a widening product range, from cleaner, high-performance petroleum blends to alternative fuels that vary in quality. The MFC helps us make good decisions by creating accurate and industry validated computer models of complex fuels.

—Alipio Ferreira Pinto, Jr., Downstream R&D General Manager at Petrobras

MFC II builds on the work of the original Consortium and continues the innovative design work targeting cleaner burning, more efficient transportation engines, power turbines and fuels. The group was established in 2005 to address engine design challenges caused by the urgent need to reduce pollutant emissions and the economic realities driving the introduction of both modified conventional fuels and new and more complex alternative fuels. The MFC’s primary focus has been to assemble realistic surrogate fuel models that make it possible to represent the precise characteristics of current and future fuels.

In addition to Petrobras, current members of the Consortium are ConocoPhillips, GE Energy, l’Institut Français du Pétrol (IFP), Mazda, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PSA Peugeot Citroën, Reaction Design, Saudi Aramco, Suzuki, Toyota and Volkswagen.


Henry Gibson

The large container ship engines with a Rankine recovery cycle can equal the efficiency of the Hydrogen Ballard fuel cell systems being sold to Sweden. This does not even consider the energy cost of making and compressing the hydrogen. These engines can use very cheap or some unrefined crude oils for a very good well to "flywheel" efficiency several times higher than the Ballard fuel cells if the electricity used in electrolysis is generated with oil or gas.

The standard new generation fuel should be synthetic jet fuel or methanol.

Standard new generation vehicles should all be hydraulic hybrids, with a balanced pair of NOAX free piston diesel hydraulic pumps and a battery driven hydraulic pump for plug in hybrid operation. A single piston unit and be used for smaller vehicles. The large piston promotes high efficiency and there is some reason to implement a Rankine recovery cycle on high use vehicles. Expensive high speed and high torque electric motors and electronic inverter drives are not needed.

Artemis hydraulic hybrid technology single-unit rail vehicles can be used on third rail systems without worries about the gaps with simple electric motor pumps, and the INNAS NOAX free piston diesel hydraulic pump can be used for very long distances. A very light weight buck voltage converter, similar in design to a computer power supply, can take also any catenary voltage at direct current or any frequency to run the electric pump. ..HG..

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