General Motors’ efforts to eliminate the shipment of plant waste to landfills is spreading to its non-manufacturing sites, 10 of which now reuse, recycle or convert to energy all waste from normal operations.
Converting non-manufacturing facilities meant rethinking packaging such as cardboard—a significant waste stream due to volume. GM engineers work to create designs with recyclable attributes intended for disassembly. Technical specifications that can be followed on a global basis are being developed.
A landfill-free Customer Care and Aftersales facility in Burton, Mich. is using an environmentally friendly, bio-based packaging foam from supplier Landaal Packaging Systems that blocks and braces product like sheet metal to ensure safe arrival. Made from extruded cornstarch, the foam is both biodegradable and compostable.
At the same facility, a supplier helped GM engineers solve a waste challenge with a patented technology that shears and separates cardboard boxes attached to wood pallets. The separation is necessary to manage each material with the least environmental impact and gain significant financial value. The technology not only enabled it to earn landfill-free status this year, but the facility now generates $20,000 a month from recycling its cardboard.
The non-manufacturing facilities are in addition to GM’s 76 landfill-free manufacturing facilities. The automaker remains focused on converting more of its manufacturing plants, and has a goal of adding 10 facilities by the end of 2011. Last year, it surpassed a global operations commitment to make half of its 145 plants landfill-free. Manufacturing is at the company’s core, so converting plants produces the largest environmental benefits.
In 2010, all of GM’s worldwide facilities combined—including regular and landfill-free plants—recycled 92% of the waste they generated.