The US Department of Energy will award more than $175 million over the next three to five years to accelerate the development and deployment of a range of advanced vehicle technologies. The funding will support 40 projects across 15 states and will help improve the fuel efficiency of next generation vehicles.
The funds will leverage additional investments by the grantees to support projects totaling more than $300 million. The selections announced focus on eight approaches to improving vehicle efficiency:
Advanced fuels and lubricants: Eight projects awarded to improve fuels and lubricants that will enable optimal performance of advanced combustion engines.
|Advanced fuels and lubricants|
|Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC—NREL||This project will determine levels at which higher alcohols and other advanced oxygenated fuel components can be readily integrated into the existing fuel supply (i.e., drop-in replacement fuels).||$1,506,164|
|Ford Motor Company||This project will identify fuel properties that can be used to enable novel combustion strategies with low emissions of nitrogen oxides in an engine, and enhance existing models to capture the effect of additional key fuel properties on combustion.||$1,500,000|
|Wisconsin Engine Research Consultants LLC||This project will optimize fuel-based control of novel combustion strategies in light- and heavy-duty vehicles to enable diesel-like efficiencies with ultra-low engine-out emissions.||$1,500,000|
|MIT||This project will investigate the use of novel lubricant formulations that target differing lubrication requirements of the major engine subsystems (e.g., valve train vs. bearings).||$1,497,531|
|Ford Motor Company||This project will research, develop, and demonstrate polyalkylene glycol (PAG)- based engine oil technology which can reduce engine friction relative to conventional petroleum-based and synthetic oils.||$1,200,000|
|Oak Ridge National Laboratory (dba UT-Battelle, LLC)||This project will investigate the use of ionic liquids as a new class of multi-functional (anti-wear and friction modifier) lubricant additives to allow the use of lower viscosity engine oils, to improve engine efficiency.||$1,200,000|
|MIT||This project will enable diesel-like efficiency and increased maximum power output in a gasoline engine by using a secondary fuel to suppress engine knock under high load.||$962,497|
|UChicago Argonne LLC||This project will develop boron-based lubricant additives to achieve higher fuel economy, longer durability, and better environmental compatibility in future and legacy engines.||$800,000|
Light-weighting materials: Five projects awarded to accelerate commercial availability of lighter weight vehicles using advanced materials that dramatically reduce vehicle weight while maintaining the highest safety standards.
|Metal Oxygen Separation Technologies Inc.||This project will develop a new process that enables low-cost, domestic manufacturing of magnesium. Increased availability of magnesium can enable vehicle weight reduction and improvement in fuel efficiency.||$6,000,000|
|Zoltek Companies, Inc.||This project will develop a novel low cost route to carbon fiber using a lignin/PAN hybrid precursor and carbon fiber conversion technologies leading to high performance, low-cost carbon fiber. Increased availability of low cost carbon fiber can enable vehicle weight reduction and improvement in fuel economy.||$3,748,865|
|United States Automotive Materials Partnership, LLC||This project will validate crash models for carbon-fiber composites that would enable the use of lightweight composites in primary-structural automotive crash and energy management applications.||$3,500,000|
|United States Automotive Materials Partnership, LLC||This project will design, engineer, fabricate and test an integrated magnesium-intensive automotive assembly focused on a 45% weight reduction over currently-used steel counterpart structures.||$3,000,000|
|Plasan Carbon Composites||This project will evaluate and validate models for predicting the crash behavior of carbon fiber composites by building and testing subcomponent structures.||$2,493,000|
Light weight multi-material prototype: Two projects awarded to design, build, and test a light-weight vehicle that is 50 percent lighter than a baseline light-duty vehicle. These projects are being undertaken as part of the Clean Energy Dialogue with Canada.
|Demo Project for Multi-material light-weight prototype vehicle|
|Vehma International of America, Inc.||This project will develop and validate a “new passenger vehicle design architecture” which facilitates a 50% weight reduction through the extensive use of lightweight and high strength materials.||$10,000,000|
|Chrysler Group LLC||This project will develop and demonstrate a cost effective, light-weight, multi-material vehicle incorporating technologies targeting 50% weight reduction.||$10,000,000|
Advanced cells and design technology for electric drive batteries: Twelve projects awarded to develop high energy or high power batteries for electric vehicles that should significantly exceed existing state-of-the-art technologies in terms of performance and/or cost.
|Advanced cells and design technology for electric drive batteries|
|The Pennsylvania State University||This project will develop a high energy density lithium-sulfur cell technology that significantly reduces battery size, and improves performance and life.||$5,000,000|
|Amprius, Inc.||This project will develop next generation, high-energy lithium ion cells leveraging silicon anodes, doubling the capacity of state of the art vehicle batteries.||$4,998,336|
|Dow Kokam, LLC||This project will develop and deliver low cost, large format cells with extremely high energy density, that meet performance, life, and safety requirements of electric drive vehicles.||$4,986,984|
|Applied Materials Inc.||The project will design and assemble a low cost, high volume manufacturing module for fabricating high capacity metal alloy anodes in a continuous roll-to-roll configuration.||$4,902,862|
|Seeo, Inc.||This project will develop high-energy cells using a lithium metal anode and a proprietary solid polymer electrolyte that significantly reduces battery cost and size, and improves life and safety.||$4,874,391|
|Nanosys, Inc.||This project will develop next generation, high-energy lithium ion cells leveraging high voltage composite cathode materials and silicon based anodes doubling the capacity of state of the art vehicle batteries.||$4,840,781|
|3M Company||This project will develop a cell, with high energy density at low cost for Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries for automotive applications by integrating advanced chemistries and enabling technologies related to electrode preparation.||$4,577,909|
|Miltec UV International, LLC||This project will develop and demonstrate the use of Ultraviolet (UV) and Electron Beam (EB) curing technology to reduce the cost of manufacturing Lithium ion battery electrodes more than 50%.||$4,405,935|
|Johnson Controls, Inc.||This project will develop and demonstrate a portfolio of advanced manufacturing process improvements to significantly reduce the manufacturing cost of large format Li-ion cells by 50%.||$3,673,132|
|A123 Systems, Inc.||This project will develop and demonstrate dry process electrode fabrication to reduce cost of EV and PHEV’s innovations in lithium ion battery production.||$2,992,744|
|DENSO International America, Inc.||This project will develop and demonstrate an innovative battery thermal management system that will allow vehicle OEMs to reduce the size of PHEV & EV battery packs or increase the drive range.||$2,610,555|
|Optodot Corporation||This project will conduct research and development to reduce the cost of manufacturing lithium ion batteries by 40% by incorporating new inactive components and by utilizing a simpler and faster battery assembly process.||$2,249,127|
Advanced power electronics and electric motor technology: Four projects awarded to develop the next generation of power inverters and electric motors to meet demanding performance targets while achieving significant cost reductions.
|Advanced power electronics and electric motor (PEEM) technology|
|General Motors LLC||This project will develop high performance, low-cost power module and inverter switching technologies that lead to the design and fabrication of the next generation of power inverters.||$6,000,000|
|General Electric||This project will develop high-performance motors with non-rare earth materials by concurrently engineering advanced motor designs, materials, thermal management, and motor controls.||$5,967,114|
|Azure Dynamics, Incorporated||This project will develop an inverter with improved thermal performance with focus on materials and technology innovations to improve efficiency and reduce cost to enable vehicle electrification.||$5,355,625|
|UQM Technologies, Inc.||This project will develop a non-rare-earth permanent magnet motor architecture that will enable the use of low energy magnet technology.||$3,024,592|
Thermoelectric and enabling engine technology: Three projects awarded to improve the efficiency of thermoelectric devices to convert engine waste heat to electricity. Selections of projects to develop early-stage enabling engine technologies to improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions are expected in September.
|Solid state thermoelectric energy conversion devices|
|Amerigon Incorporated||This project will improve passenger car fuel efficiency by 5% through the conversion of exhaust gas waste heat to electric power using a thermoelectric generator.||$8,000,000|
|General Motors, LLC||This project will develop a thermoelectric generator (TEG) system to convert waste heat to electric power, with the control systems necessary to utilize that power in a vehicle.||$8,000,000|
|GMZ Energy, Inc||This project will demonstrate a robust thermoelectric exhaust waste heat recovery system that provides >5% fuel efficiency improvement for a light-duty vehicle.||$8,000,000|
Fleet efficiency: Five projects awarded to develop and demonstrate fuel efficient tire and driver feedback technologies that will improve efficiency of the passenger car and commercial fleet.
|Cooper Tire & Rubber Company||This project will develop and demonstrate a new class of fuel efficient tires, focused on the replacement market, using innovative materials technology and tire design concepts to improve overall fuel efficiency by 3%.||$1,500,000|
|The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company||This project will develop and demonstrate an in-tire system for automatically maintaining a set pressure in a commercial truck tire.||$1,499,771|
|PPG Industries, Inc. Monroeville Technical Center||This project will research, develop, and validate a modified silica-based tire tread material to reduce tire rolling resistance and a barrier coating to provide extended tire pressure retention.||$1,485,851|
|The Regents of the University of California, Riverside||This project will develop and demonstrate driver feedback technology that will improve fuel efficiency of passenger cars and commercial vehicles.||$1,210,237|
|Eaton Corporation||This project will develop a simple and inexpensive driver feedback and powertrain management technology to reduce driver-bias on commercial fleets and improve average fleet fuel economy by at least 2%.||$914,551|
Advanced vehicle testing and evaluation: One project awarded to conduct laboratory and field evaluations of advanced technology vehicles and related infrastructure, while developing new or modified test procedures.
|Advanced vehicle testing and evaluation|
|Electric Transportation Engineering Corp.||This project will test and evaluate early production, and pre-production light-, medium-, and heavy-duty advanced technology vehicles using a variety of fuels, energy storage systems, and propulsion systems.||$26,420,018|