## California releases summary of Advanced Clean Car Rules: GHG, ZEV, LEV III and Clean Fuel Outlets

##### 16 November 2011

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) released a summary of its proposed Advanced Clean Cars (ACC) regulation package (earlier post), which establishes stringent new emissions standards for light duty vehicles from 2015 through 2025. Further documents will be released on 7 December. The Advanced Clean Cars package combines four different regulations: light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas limits; the Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) mandate; the next phase of the Low Emission Vehicle (LEV-III) program; and a new Clean Fuels Outlet regulation.

Separately, the US DOT and EPA released their joint proposal to set stronger fuel economy and greenhouse gas pollution standards for Model Year 2017-2025 passenger cars and light trucks. (Earlier post.) The California and Federal greenhouse gas emissions standards are aligned; California will accept compliance with the Federal standards as meeting state requirements.

The Advanced Clean Cars package of regulations is designed to deliver:

• A 47% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2025, compared to today’s levels;

• A further 75% reduction in smog-forming emissions by 2025;

• One in seven new cars sold in 2025 (15.4%) be a zero-emission or plug-in hybrid vehicle;

• A total of 1.4 million zero-emission and plug-in hybrid vehicles on the road in California by 2025;

• A reduction of 40 million tons of greenhouse gases in 2025, the equivalent of taking eight million cars off the road; and,

• A savings of $5 Billion in operating costs in 2025 for California drivers. This will rise to$10 Billion in 2030 when more advanced cars are on the road.

The proposed Advanced Clean Car package has been in development over the past three years and comprises four separate but related regulations:

• Greenhouse gas standard for cars and light trucks, model years 2017-2025 This regulation builds on California’s first-in-the-nation greenhouse gas standard that was later adopted by the federal government as part of a national program in 2009. The current proposal to strengthen the greenhouse gas standard was developed in tandem with the federal government over the past three years, toward accommodating manufacturers’ desire for a single national program within California’s separate motor vehicle emission control program. It is designed to parallel the national greenhouse gas and fuel economy standards rule the U.S. EPA and the Department of Transport are releasing today under their coordinated rulemaking.

The proposed new standard drops greenhouse gas emissions to 166 grams per mile, a reduction of 47% from current levels. This will be achieved through existing technologies (such as hybrid cars), the use of stronger and lighter materials, and more efficient drivetrains and engines.

• LEV III. California will need to reduce smog-forming pollution by an additional 75% from 2016 levels to help meet more stringent Federal air quality standards expected in the next few years. Since California continues to have the nation’s worst air quality, and has more than 26 million cars on the road, it is necessary to further reduce smog-forming pollution from cars. This regulation will drive the development of the cleanest cars yet that use today’s diesel, gasoline-powered, or typical gas-electric hybrid internal combustion engines.

In comments at the Los Angeles Auto Show, ARB Chairman Mary Nichols said that California LEV III will be harmonized with the upcoming US EPA Tier 3 regulations.

• Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation. This regulation builds on the program in place since 1990 and is designed to rapidly increase ZEV production to early commercial volumes, establishing a sustainable and growing market for these advanced technology vehicles. This will place California on a path to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, a goal adopted by many nations and believed necessary to stabilize climate temperature.

ARB analysis demonstrates that the ZEV regulation is required to put 1.4 million ZEVs on the road by 2025 (15.4 percent of new vehicle sales in that year) in order to be on track to reach the 2050 greenhouse gas reduction goal. ARB says that a transitional model—the plug-in hybrid car—will play a significant role over the next twenty years but by mid-century, 87% of cars on the road will need to be full zero-emission vehicles to achieve climate goals.

• Clean Fuel Outlets. This regulation is designed to address the pending commercialization of zero-emission hydrogen fuel cell vehicles by requiring the construction of hydrogen fueling stations. Construction of the new stations will provide a convenient fueling infrastructure, first within the major air basins but ultimately throughout the state.

### Comments

Some Good, Some bad, Some just absolutely Stupid.

Good: Tightened toxic emissions to the final ever levels, just pure clean AIR, which we already do.

Just Bad: Tightening CAFE mileage requirements on a ridiculous schedule.

Just Stupid: CO2 regulations on a continent that emits ZERO net CO2 already, and 21st Century Science shows is just a scientific nullity and all the pseudo-scientific Truth of leftist Lysenko-ism.

I suspect long before these go into effect, California will go bankrupt, and organizations like CARB will be RIFFed.

Clean electric heating, cooking, vehicles, trains, off-grid clean distributed energy production, energy efficiency programs etc etc have nothing to do with California's and USA's potential bankruptcy. It is common sense evolution that may return more wealth and buying power to the majority.

USA (and many other countries) are going bankrupt because 1% (and even fewer tomorrow) are pilfering 90% of the national wealth. The other 99% are getting poorer, can't maintain their acquired lifestyle and can no longer afford to buy what the 1% is over-producing and pushing on them.

Surpluses are piling up. Factories are closing. The middle class is going down to the lower class level and buying less and less. The lower class is going for food stamps and is not buying. Total unemployment is going up another step every month.

The anti-snowball effect is progressively melting down the national economy. Governments are going deeper in debt trying to give a sense of economic security. Sooner or latter, people will realize that less than 1% cannot continue to be millionaires and billionaires for extended periods and that the other 99% will become as poor as the serf of the middle ages.

We may find ourselves right back where we were 500 years ago.

"requiring the construction of H2 fueling stations". This makes no sense to me.
And "requiring" 15.4% of new cars sold be ZEV by 2025. Well, let's hope it's more than that(without "requiring" anything).

damn....One hundred + (100) years ago, ICE vehicles required many thousand new gas stations. It made NO SENSE but they well built!!!!.

Now is the time to move on to other energy sources and leave wood, coal and oil/NG burning behind.

The world will have to electrify. Resistance is futile.

Harvey, if H2 vehicles really are a viable reality, i'm all for "priming the pump" and building some public stations at tax payer expense.
But i can't see spending that money if these vehicles are decades off.
100 yrs ago the govt didn't have to mandate the building of gas stations. Entrepreneurs saw it as a way to make money and spent their own dollars.
There is nobody more ready to move onto something new. But i see electrical outlets everywhere...no need to mandate their construction.

danm....in the last 100+ years the dirty oil/gas industry received XXXX$B in subsidies, hand outs and oil wars cost. In all fairness, clean H2O and EVs industry should get many times more. Of course, private industry will also contribute xxxB$ because it will be beneficial to do so.

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