|Domains and topical areas for the standardization roadmap for electric vehicles. Source: ANSI. Click to enlarge.|
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) released the Standardization Roadmap for Electric Vehicles – Version 1.0, developed by the Institute’s Electric Vehicles Standards Panel (EVSP). (Earlier post.) The Standardization Roadmap assesses the standards, codes, and regulations, as well as conformance and training programs, needed to facilitate the safe, mass deployment of electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the United States.
Developed by interests in the automotive, electrotechnical, and utilities industries, as well as from standards developing organizations (SDOs) and government, the Standardization Roadmap is intended to:
Facilitate the development of a comprehensive, robust, and streamlined standards and conformance landscape for electric vehicles; and
Maximize the coordination and harmonization of the standards and conformance environment domestically and with international partners.
Given the current range limitations of plug‐in EVs on battery power alone, a critical need is the establishment of a supporting charging infrastructure to enable vehicle recharging at home, at work, and in public locations. This infrastructure must be reliable and broadly interoperable regardless of the type of PEV or charging system utilized. Equally important is the establishment of a comprehensive and robust support services sector that includes training of emergency first responders, vehicle technicians, electrical installers and inspectors, as well as education of authorities having jurisdiction, building owners, and consumers.
Never has there been a more auspicious time for EVs than the present. Nonetheless, while the times appear especially promising, EVs do face significant challenges to widespread adoption.—Standardization Roadmap
Among the challenges facing EV adoption according to the Roadmap are:
Safety. EVs have unique safety complexities and risks which must be understood and accounted for as part of the vehicle life cycle.
Affordability. Cost is a critical issue which must be continually addressed in order for EVs to become widely accepted and broadly penetrate the consumer market.
Interoperability. The ability to recharge anywhere in a secure fashion will greatly enhance EV driver flexibility and user convenience.
Performance. The ability to extend the driving range of EVs on a single battery charge without the need for range extension is largely due to energy storage capabilities (batteries) and a function of technology development.
Environmental Impact. The demand from both regulators and consumers for “greener” vehicles (i.e., more fuel‐efficient, less reliant on fossil fuels) must be met.
The Standardization Roadmap notes that standards, code provisions, and regulations, as well as conformance and training programs, cross over all these areas and are a critical enabler of the large‐scale introduction of EVs and the permanent establishment of a broad, domestic EV and infrastructure industry and support services environment.
Targeted toward a broad audience of stakeholders, the Standardization Roadmap identifies standards, codes, and regulations that already exist or that are in development, as well as gaps where new or revised standards are needed, along with related conformance and training programs that respond to those needs. Included are recommendations with prioritized timelines for when standardization should occur, as well as the identification of appropriate SDOs that may be able to do the work. Harmonization efforts already underway or that may be desirable are also discussed.
The Standardization Roadmap is supplemented by the ANSI EVSP Roadmap Standards Compendium, a searchable spreadsheet which inventories standards that are directly or peripherally related to each issue identified in the roadmap, while also identifying related issues to which the standards potentially apply.
The release of the Standardization Roadmap for Electric Vehicles – Version 1.0 is a critical step forward in facilitating mass EV deployment in the US. This effort relied upon the collaborative work of experts from the public and private sectors and across industries, all focused on the common priority of enabling the EV market to expand and thrive.—S. Joe Bhatia, ANSI president and CEO
Work to develop the Standardization Roadmap began in June 2011 and eventually involved representatives from some 80 leading organizations. The majority of work was carried out electronically via seven working groups focused on energy storage systems, vehicle components, the vehicle-user interface, charging systems, communications, infrastructure installation, and education and training. Two plenary meetings were held to identify issues and refine an initial draft of the roadmap in a face-to-face setting.
Given the dynamic nature of standardization, and as the ANSI EVSP continues to assess the progress of standards and conformance programs and any gaps requiring further discussion, it is envisioned that the Standardization Roadmap will be periodically updated going forward. In this way, it will continue to serve as a living document to help guide, coordinate, and enhance the standards landscape in support of the widespread deployment of EVs and charging infrastructure.
Comments on the content of the roadmap and on next steps for the EVSP can be submitted to firstname.lastname@example.org, or via a brief online survey.