Volvo Trucks is adding two XE—exceptional efficiency—drivetrain packages featuring the 16-liter Volvo D16 engine for the North American market.
The first, a heavy-spec XE16 package rated for combination weights up to 143,000 pounds (64,864 kg), was designed specifically for the North American heavy long combination vehicle (LCV) market. The second XE16 package combines fuel efficiency with performance for five-axle tractor-semitrailer combinations up to 80,000 pounds (36,287 kg).
The XE16 packages “downspeed” the engine at cruising speeds by 200 rpm or more than traditional specs. Each package utilizes a new D16 engine rating of 500 horsepower (373 kW) and 2,050 lb-ft (2,779 N·m) of torque, Volvo I-Shift automated mechanical transmission, specialized axle ratios, specific tire sizes and proprietary software that facilitates seamless communication among Volvo’s integrated powertrain components.
The XE16 provides the full 2,050 lb-ft of torque while running as low as 1,000 rpm to improve low-rpm drivability. Key enablers of XE16’s low engine speed technology include the Volvo Engine Brake, as well as massive connecting rods with large bearing surface areas that help alleviate bearing stress.
Developed for gross combination weights up to 143,000 pounds, the heavier-spec XE16 package utilizes heavy-duty suspensions and rear axles with a 3.21 ratio instead of the 3.73 rear axle often specified on North American LCVs. The XE16 package reduces cruising rpm from 1425 to 1225 at 62 mph (100 km/h), yielding about a 3% fuel efficiency improvement.
The second XE16 rating addresses 80,000 pound tractor and semi-trailer combinations that are specified with a focus on both fuel efficiency and high performance. The engine, in combination with a 2.64 rear axle ratio and overdrive I-Shift transmission, will operate within its sweet spot throughout the vehicle speed range to improve fuel efficiency for this class of vehicle.
Volvo first introduced its downspeeding concept in September 2011 with the XE13 powertrain package, which utilizes Volvo’s 13-liter D13 engine. Available on all VN highway tractors, the XE13 powertrain package offers up to 455 horsepower (339 kW) and 1,750 lb-ft (2,372 N·m) torque at 1,050 rpm – 200 rpm or lower than traditional specs.
The Truck Writers of North America (TWNA) awarded Volvo’s XE13 powertrain package the 21st annual TWNA Technical Achievement Award. XE13 also received a 2012 Top 20 product award from Heavy Duty Trucking magazine.