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Toyota introduces new RAV4 EV; 41.8 kWh pack, 100-mile range

Toyota_RAV4_EV_001
RAV4 EV. Click to enlarge.

Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. revealed the all-new Toyota RAV4 EV at the 26th annual Electric Vehicle Symposium (EVS26) in Los Angeles. The battery-electric SUV features a 41.8 kWh Li-ion pack, offering an expected driving range rating of approximately 100 miles (161 km). With a 10 kW charger on-board (SAE J1772 connector), charging time of the large pack is approximately six hours on a 240V/40A charger.

The RAV4 EV will go on sale in late summer 2012 through select dealers, initially in four major California metropolitan markets including Sacramento, San Francisco Bay Area, Los Angeles/Orange County and San Diego, with an MSRP of the RAV4 is $49,800. Sales volume is planned for approximately 2,600 units over the next three years. The battery warranty is 8 years or 100,000 miles.

The RAV4 EV’s driving performance, dynamics and cargo capacity are equal to or exceed the gas powered RAV4 V6, according to Toyota. The RAV4 EV—22 months in development—combines a Tesla Motors-designed and -produced battery and electric powertrain with Toyota’s most popular SUV model.

The front wheel drive RAV4 EV allows drivers to select from two distinctly different drive modes, Sport and Normal. In Sport mode, the vehicle reaches 0-60 mph in 7.0 seconds and has a maximum speed of 100 mph. Normal mode achieves 0-60 mph in 8.6 seconds with a maximum speed of 85 mph.

The powertrain features a 115 kW (154 hp) AC induction motor with fixed-gear open-differential transaxle, with a gear ratio of 9.73. Torque for Normal and Sport modes is 218 lb-ft (296 N·m) and 273 lb-ft (370 N·m), respectively. Maximum output from the electric powertrain is 154 hp (115kW) @ 2,800 rpm.

Curb weight of the vehicle is 4,032 lbs (1,829 kg)—470 lbs (213 kg) more than the RAV4 V6.

RAV4 EV offers a smooth, quiet ride and comfortable handling due in part to its low coefficient of drag and low center of gravity. At 0.30 Cd, RAV4 EV achieves the lowest coefficient of drag of any SUV in the world, according to Toyota. Compared with the gasoline-powered RAV4, Toyota re-styled the front bumper, upper and lower grill, side mirrors, rear spoiler, and under body design to maximize air flow around the vehicle. The RAV4 EV’s battery pack is mounted low and to the center of the vehicle, contributing to a more sedan-like ride.

The vehicle will be available later this year. Toyota’s approved electric vehicle supplier equipment provider is Leviton. Leviton offers multiple options for charging solutions. For the shortest charge time of approximately six hours, Leviton offers a custom 240V (Level 2), 40A, 9.6 kW output charging station. The vehicle comes equipped with a 120V (Level 1) emergency charging cable for instances when the recommended 240V (Level 2) charging is not available.

We believe that the RAV4 EV will attract sophisticated early technology adopters, much like the first-generation Prius. It’s designed for consumers who prioritize the environment and appreciate performance. We look forward to seeing how the market responds.

—Bob Carter, TMS group vice president and general manager of the Toyota division

Comments

kelly

"According to Snell, GM's own testimony had shown that by the mid-1950s, GM and its agents had canvassed more than 1,000 electric railways and had motorized 90%—more than 900 systems" wiki

In other words, GM killed US electric railways. Rail is alive, well, transporting millions VERY economically, and even at high speed elsewhere in the world.

As long as there is not a vehicle power alternative to oil, oil/OPEC.. will double prices however often they %^&$ please - knowing there are always some Luddites out there to buy from them.

kelly

Concerning oil dependency, I'm a contracting engineer who has designed systems in the, then largest US oil refinery( Exxon, ship channel, Houston) and later the larger Hess Oil refinery, USVI.

I've been overcome by 'sour gas' and worked near a truck-size container of chemicals that, refinery employees said, evenly dispersed, could end all life in the US.

These refineries are throughout the world, and 20% of the oil they refine comes through a 2 mile wide, each way, tanker lane flanked by Iranian islands in the Straits of Hormuz, which has an average depth of only 160 feet.

Like most Americans, I bought gas for under 25 CENTS per gallon in 1973. This month, I had to pay $3.79 per gallon - over fifteen(15) times as much, though I use my electric bikes when I can and have filed EV patents.

Comments like "..stop and find out where the rational people went and go rejoin them." seem a double entendre - especially from those seemingly accepting 'more of the same' (15X OPEC oil hikes) and then attacking existing, and future, on-the-road EV alternatives to oil vehicles.

The US military has stated that the Straits would be closed if Israel attacks Iran's nuclear power plants.

Perhaps of note, in three weeks Israel, via Better Place, will open it's battery switching stations and EVs can travel a entire nation with a EV recharging/switching infrastructure and electricity at a fraction of oil prices.

Bob Wallace

In the last few months I've been in Quito, Ecuador where the streetcars/trolleys are an excellent way to move through the city and in France where passenger trains are a joy.

I'll take streetcars with their dedicated lanes, no getting stuck in traffic stuff over buses and taxis.

I'll take high speed rail over air travel for moderate length trips any day. No "two hours early", no baggage issues, lots of leg room, smooth ride, something to see out the window other than sky.

HarveyD

Good ideas BW but VHS e-trains will not be around in USA/Canada for many decades. We cannot afford them and fight Oil wars at the same time. The $35B that Canada will pay for just few F-35 could build 1000 to 3000 miles of VHS e-trains corridors. We have taken the wrong decision once again as we did with our submarines.

Subways and street Cars are still around in many cities but diesel buses have taken over a large percentage of passenger traffic during the last 60+ years.

Will e-buses or up-dated Street Cars be the transporters of the future? I put my bet or e-buses, e-taxis, e-cars and e-delivery trucks together with more e-suburb trains and subways.

Bob Wallace

The Iraq war is over. We're soon out of Afghanistan. I doubt we're going to war with Canada over their oil.

If we keep our current president I doubt we'll have another oil war in our future. Four/five years from now we should have greatly decreased our oil usage between higher efficiency and more EVs/PHEVs.

I think California is going to be able to build the first leg of its high speed rail system. Once people start experiencing HSR on 'native soil' I suspect interest will grow in extending lines.

I suspect we'll build HSR once the economy recovers because business likes large projects. Big companies which have a lot of political pull will push for projects to get funded.

Arne

@Matthew,

"If EVs would sell here at $8/gal, why don't they sell elsewhere at that price?"

They do sell a lot better at least in Norway (relatively speaking).

I can think of a number of reasons:
1. Availability/marketing
2. Competition from cheap diesels with low running costs.
3. Less houses with a driveway and/or garage to plug it in.

HarveyD

Anne...you could add ...much better passenger fast e-trains in many EU countries and soon in China.

ToppaTom

Reasons why EVs don't sell where gas is $8/gal?

1. Availability/marketing?
No. Basic economics; if there was a demand they would be available and marketing? not brainwashing again.

2. Competition from cheap diesels with low running costs?
So EVs cannot compete with diesels, even at $8/gal fuel?

3. Less houses with a driveway and/or garage to plug it in?
The original Prius (a "hybrid" EV) cannot even BE plugged in.

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