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Researchers propose ITS-based system for automated, immediate fines for traffic violations

A team at the Information and Communications Technology Security Group (Seguridad de las Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones - SeTI) at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid in Spain (UC3M) are proposing leveraging Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) technology to enable automatic, immediate fines for traffic violations.

The purpose is to reduce highway accidents, given that one of the critical factors in doing so consists in improving the enforcement of traffic regulations.

  • The team designed a mechanism that allows victims to report offenders, while guaranteeing the authenticity, confidentiality and integrity of the information.

  • Second, they have proposed a mechanism for sending the notification of a fine directly to the offending vehicle, with the intention of increasing the immediacy of the process (because the sanction can be presented to the offender while s/he is still driving), thus increasing its educational effectiveness.

  • Third, in order to insure the driver’s right to adequate means of defending her/himself when faced with supposedly unfair sanctions, they proposed a protocol for creating evidence that describes recent driving behavior. In this way, the driver would increase her/his ability to defend her/himself if she or he receives a fine s/he does not agree with.

The supposed offender would have a mechanism to create electronic evidence of her/his driving behavior. How? Basically, by asking the surrounding vehicles to act as electronic witnesses.

—José María de Fuentes, of UC3M’s Computer Science Department

In the coming months, the researchers plan to begin the experimental evaluation of the proposed mechanisms, for which they will use communication devices that are specifically designed for communication between vehicles and infrastructure. They plan to test a secure means of providing information to the driver. To do this, they are proposing a mechanism that would avoid the distribution of false information regarding traffic events and incidents via the vehicular communication network.

The SeTI group at UC3M is also working on improving the automatic verification of the vehicle and driver’s documentation. To do this, they have proposed a model of credentials that are electronically implemented, eliminating the redundancy and duplication of information that exist with current systems. In this way, it will be possible to authenticate credentials in a much more efficient manner.

A paper on their work is published in Intelligent Transport Systems.


  • J.M. de Fuentes A.I. González-Tablas J.L. Hernández-Ardieta A. Ribagorda (2012) Towards an automatic enforcement for speeding: enhanced model and intelligent transportation systems realisation. Intelligent Transport Systems. Vol 6. Nº 3. pp 270-281. doi: 10.1049/iet-its.2011.0160



A few hundred/thousand high precision automated radar/camera stations can also do a very good job. Fines can be adjusted to make the system budget neutral.


Imprisonment is found to reduce traffic accidents.


Send violators to psychiatric hospitals.

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