Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd. (FHI), the maker of Subaru automobiles, introduced the Subaru XV Hybrid—Subaru’s first hybrid—which goes on sale today at Subaru dealers throughout Japan. Fuel economy in the JC08 cycle is 20.0 km/liter (47 mpg US, 5.0 l/100 km).
|Subaru XV Hybrid. Click to enlarge.|
The full-time AWD system can distribute torque to the four wheels even in all-electric driving at low speeds. All four wheels are also driven in engine driving and hybrid driving.
A 2.0-liter DOHC horizontally-opposed 4-cylinder gasoline engine was partially modified for the hybrid model, including reduction in engine friction. The transmission was exclusively developed for the hybrid model based on the Lineartronic (CVT); a motor was installed behind the primary pulley.
By compactly housing heavy parts for the hybrid system such as the high voltage battery under the cargo space, the overall front-rear weight distribution and the low center of gravity were maintained at the same level as the gasoline model.
Subaru developed an “Eco-Cruise Control” function for the hybrid model; the function is employed along with the “EyeSight” driving assist system. While the EyeSight’s “Adaptive Cruise Control with all-speed range tracking function” is operated, actual fuel economy is enhanced by maximizing the use of all-electric driving.