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GM’s vehicle electrification roadmap; little focus on conventional hybrids

In a post on GM’s FastLane blog, Pam Fletcher, Global Chief Engineer for Volt and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Powertrains, runs through GM’s current vehicle electrification options for consumers: the eAssist light electrification system; the extended range electric vehicle system for the Volt and the Cadillac ELR; and the battery-electric system of the Chevy Spark EV. (But no focus on “conventional” hybrids.)

Fletcher is responsible for the Extended Range Electric Vehicle propulsion system in the Chevrolet Volt as well as the propulsion systems in GM’s upcoming line-up of Plug-In Hybrid Elecrtic Vehicles.

As she outlined it:

  • eAssist provides a average 25% fuel economy improvement over a traditional internal combustion engine vehicle. GM estimates it will save a driver of a larger car about $1,850 a year in fuel. The technology is targeted for individuals who want a large sedan with compact car fuel economy, Fletcher said. eAssist is available on the Buick Lacrosse and Regal, as well as the Chevrolet Malibu and 2014 Impala.

    GM is explicit that eAssist is not a hybrid system—petroleum is still the only fuel source. The small electric motor and lithium ion battery provide more power and give the car a little “boost”, under heavy accelerating. The boost comes from energy that is captured during braking and stored in the battery. eAssist technology also turns the engine off when the vehicle is idle to save fuel.

  • Drivers of the EREV Volt visit a gas pump every 900 miles or about every 6 weeks and pay only about $950 annually in fuel—an annual savings of $1,450 over a similar gasoline powered car, according to GM data.

  • The battery-electric Spark EV has a more constrained range, but could deliver about $1,800 annually in fuel costs, according to GM. The Spark EV is targeted at urban and suburban commuters and will initially be sold in California and Oregon.

Comments

Davemart

Surprisingly that works out to only around a 60% saving on fuel for the Volt.
Although average mileage may be below the ~40 miles EV range of the Volt, clearly there are a lot of times when longer journeys are taken.

That rather takes a bite out of the meme that BEV ranges other than the Tesla are enough as average daily mileage is way below their range, although of course a BEV has more EV range than the Volt.

Brotherkenny4

So, if you keep your Volt for ten years and save about $1,400 a year in gas that is a total savings of $14,000. The Volt sells for $39K and presuming you get the full federal tax rebate it costs you about $32K. Then if you subtract the fuel savings, your comparitive cost vs. a traditional ICE car is $18K. Thus, if you typically buy a car for more than $18K, the Volt would save you money. If you typically buy a car for less than $18K then you are paying extra for the Volt. I suspect nearly everyone who buys a car for more than 18K will get the full $7,500 tax rebate since they have money to burn and so must have a big income.

DeniD

We bought a Volt on June 1, a year ago. It wasn't until the end of June of this year that we bought gas for the car. We usually got 41-45 miles range trips from the car, and usually had two adults in the car, we only shop or eat at places that are GREEN friendly, so we recharged at home, and while shopping at one of the three malls that have charge stations. We have an SUV that we use for large loads, but we only used it a few times last year. It isn't just the gas one saves in the Volt. That car is so much easier to drive The back seat is comfortable, and the rear area is able to handle two weeks worth of groceries and dog food. The big vehicle gets left home. It's gas is vulnerable to turning into a gel, because it does not have the pressurized system the Volt uses. We have to post reminders to churn the SUVs gas. When it comes to gas savings, it isn't as much an issue of how many miles we put on the Volt, it is more a matter of how few miles we put on the second car. There is no $7,500 rebate for the EVs/PHEVs it is a tax credit. It may be used to balance taxable gains, but is not a refund.

Bob Wallace

"That rather takes a bite out of the meme that BEV ranges other than the Tesla are enough"

Best to understand that different people have different driving styles. An EV with 80 mile range can be perfectly adequate for some. If you live in a multi-car household in which one car never travels more than 80 miles, saving all that gas works. Or even a single car household which almost never takes long drives (rental is an option in that case).

The people who buy Volts may well be people who frequently take longer trips and need the extra range.

People who buy dump trucks are people who need dump trucks.

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