The last few weeks have seen a number of statements from executives at major automakers either pre-announcing, indicating possible development of or simply hinting at a number of new plug-in vehicle models coming over the next couple of years. That should be no surprise; the US-based Electric Drive Transportation Association notes that there are 20 plug-in and fuel cell vehicle models currently on the US market alone with 20 additional models expected here through 2016.
Given that sometimes there is not much more information available than one sentence uttered during an interview or a conference, it’s hard to pull together much that is substantive. However, we thought we’d try keeping a running tally of PEVs possible, promised or planned, with regular updates of the list; globally, to the best of our ability. Please add what we might have missed via the comments section; we’ll incorporate those into the next version of the PEV list. (Concept cars or officially announced models don’t count for this purpose.)
General Motors: Cadillac CT6 plug-in hybrid, Cadillac EV, Chevrolet Sonic EV. Mark Reuss, GM’s executive vice president of global product development, purchasing and supply chain, told attendees at the company’s recent Global Business Conference that the new Cadillac CT6 will have a plug-in electric option that offers fuel economy upwards of 70 mpg equivalent. (Detroit News)
Reuss also said that GM would add a new electric vehicle to the lineup. Automotive News cited sources saying the new EV would be based on the Sonic, have a range of about 200 miles, and launch in 2017.
Subsequently, in an interview with Reuters, Johan de Nysschen, Cadillac’s new head, said that a pure battery-electric car is part of the plan to expand Cadillac’s model range. De Nysschen also said a successor to the slow-selling ELR plug-in hybrid is being developed.
In the US, GM currently offers the Volt plug-in hybrid (the next-generation version of which is likely due late next year), the Cadillac ELR plug-in hybrid, and the Spark EV. Additionally, in China, Shanghai GM offers locally developed Sail EV.
In Europe, after the run-out of the current generation Ampera plug-in hybrid, Opel will introduce a successor product in the EV segment as part of its major model offensive from 2014-2018 (27 new vehicles). (Earlier post.)
|Volkswagen’s battery outlook|
|Australia’s Motoring reported that, at the French round of the WRC in Strasbourg, Dr. Heinz Jakob-Neußer, Member of the Board of Management at Volkswagen responsible for the Development Division, projected that the group by 2015-16 will boost battery energy density from the current 25-28 Ah to 36-37 Ah. This should provide a range of around 300 km (186 miles).|
|Dr. Neußer also said that the company is working on the next step to around 60 Ah, which will be achieved with a “completely new” chemistry, and will come at the beginning of the next decade. This could provide range on the orders of 500-600 km (310-373 miles), he suggested.|
Audi: plug-in hybrid R8 and battery-electric R8 e-tron. Audi board member for R&D Ulrich Hackenberg told AutoExpress that both a plug-in hybrid R8 and a pure electric R8 E-tron are in the cards. “‘We are able to make the R8 a plug-in hybrid,’ he said. ‘The Lamborghini Asterion (earlier post) shows this is possible—that car uses the platform of the R8. We will see an increase in the efficiency of high-performance cars—they have to meet CO2 regulations of the future in order to survive.’”
The successor to the R8 is due next year, Hackenberg said, and the R8 E-tron will have more than 400 km (250 miles) range. Currently, Audi offers the A3 Sportback e-tron plug-in hybrid. (Earlier post.)
Volkswagen: plug-in hybrid Phaeton. Automotive News reported that when it comes back to the US, the second generation of Volkswagen’s Phaeton luxury sedan will offer a plug-in hybrid version.
Volkswagen currently offers the e-up! and e-Golf battery electric vehicles, and the Golf GTE plug-in hybrid, and has shown the Passat GTE plug-in hybrid at the Paris Motor Show. (Earlier post.)
Porsche: possible 911 hybrid. Porsche currently has three production plug-in hybrid models: the Cayenne S E-Hybrid, the Panamera S E-Hybrid and the 918 Spyder. (Earlier post.) To this, the brand may add a hybrid next-generation Porsche 911, according to Porsche CEO Matthias Muller. (Car Advice). Muller suggested that hybrid technology could eventually make its way into all Porsche model lines.
(Audi, Porsche and Volkswagen are all members of the Volkswagen Group.)
Chrysler: plug-in hybrid town and country minivan to arrive in 2015; fulls-size crossover. Chrysler Group will launch a plug-in hybrid version of the next-generation Chrysler Town & Country minivan late next year, according to CEO Sergio Marchionne. (Automotive News). This will be about a year earlier than the automaker indicated in its investor presentation in May.
Other hybrids will follow, including a Chrysler-badged full-size crossover.
Daimler: 10 new hybrids by 2017 (not specifying plug-in). At the Paris Motor Show, Daimler Chief Executive Dieter Zetsche said the company will introduce 10 new hybrid vehicles by 2017, paving the way for fully electric driving. (Reuters)
Daimler’s Mercedes-Benz currently offers the S 500 Plug-in Hybrid, the B-Class Electric Drive, and the limited production SLS AMG Coupé Electric Drive, while the smart division offers the smart fortwo electric drive. In China, Daimler has partnered with BYD on the Denza EV. (Earlier post.)
Mitsubishi: ASX and Pajero plug-in hybrids to European lineup; Evo-inspired hybrid SUV. Mitsubishi CEO Osamu Masuko told Automotive News Europe that the company will add plug-in versions of the ASX and Pajero, joining the successful Outlander plug-in hybrid. Masuko said the ASX plug-in version will go on sale in Europe and other global markets in 2017. The Pajero replacement and its plug-in version are likely to arrive in 2018.
At the Paris Motor Show, Mitsubishi product boss Kanenori Okamoto said that the Evo will be replaced by an Evo-inspired hybrid SUV. The SUV will include technology inspired by Mitsubishi’s electric Pikes Peak hillclimb racer: MiEV Evolution.