|Nissan led with California ZEV credit transfers out during the last report period. Click to enlarge.|
Between 1 October 2013 and 30 September 2014, Nissan transferred out 663.6 ZEV (zero emission vehicle) credits from its balance account, according to the latest report by the California Air Resources Board (ARB)—just edging out Tesla with 650.195 credits. The next closest was Fiat, with 235.2 ZEV credits transferred out; followed by Ford with 38.738.
This latest credit balance report reflects ZEV regulation compliance through model year 2013, representing a total of 3.5 million vehicles including: more than 500 fuel cell vehicles; 38,000 battery electric vehicles; 29,300 neighborhood electric vehicles (NEVs); 30,000 plug-in hybrids; 570,000 hybrids; and 3 million gasoline vehicles. As of September 2014, more than 100,000 ZEVs and plug-in hybrids are on California roads.
|ZEV credit transfers in. Click to enlarge.|
Mercedes-Benz was the leading automaker for acquiring ZEV credits (transfer in), followed by Honda. Chrysler was third (almost the same transferred in as Fiat transferred out: 237.804 in, with Fiat transferring out 235.2).
The latest data show a very different picture from the prior year’s report, when electric vehicle manufacturer Tesla Motors transferred out 1,311.520 ZEV credits, by far, the largest of any automaker in the state. (Earlier post.)
The California ZEV Regulation requires large volume and intermediate volume vehicle manufacturers (LVMs and IVMs) to bring to and to operate in California a certain percentage of ZEVs (such as battery-electric and fuel-cell vehicles); plug-in hybrids; hybrids; and gasoline vehicles with near-zero tailpipe emissions.
|Under ZEV accounting, credits earned are multiplied by the g/mile NMOG fleet average requirement for the appropriate model year. In the ZEV Regulation, g/mi NMOG is used only as index (which decreases over time)—i.e.,it is the “currency” in which credits are stored in and does not represent actual values of g/mi NMOG.|
|The intent of this multiplier was to reward early production of vehicles.|
Large volume manufacturers for the 2013 model year included the big six: Chrysler, Ford, GM, Honda, Nissan and Toyota. IVMs in 2013 were BMW, Hyundai, Kia, Land Rover, Mazda, Mercedes Benz, Subaru and Volkswagen.
A vehicle manufacturer’s ZEV requirement is based on a percentage of all passenger cars and light-duty trucks from 0 to 8,500 lbs (3,856 kg), delivered for sale in California.
Positive credit balances represent a successful over-compliance with the ZEV Regulation. Manufacturers can use these balances to provide flexibility in the timing and production of bringing new clean cars to the market to meet the ZEV requirements in coming years. Manufacturers may also transfer credits between manufacturers and third parties.