Over the last few years, Neste Oil has become the world’s largest producer of renewable fuels from waste and residues. In 2014, the company produced nearly 1.3 million tonnes (1.6 billion liters, 423 million gallons US) of renewable fuel from waste and residues. In practical terms, this is enough to power for two years all the 650,000 diesel-powered passenger cars in Finland with NEXBTL renewable diesel manufactured from waste and residues.
Examples of Neste Oil’s waste and residue-based raw materials include animal and fish fats; used cooking oil; and various residues generated during vegetable oil refining such as palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) and technical corn oil. These raw materials accounted for 62% of Neste Oil’s renewable inputs in 2014 (52% in 2013, 35% in 2012).
NEXBTL products (renewable diesel, jet, and naphtha fuels and isoalkane) are produced by hydrotreating vegetable oil or animal fat (HVO).
We can be really proud that we have succeeded in increasing our use of waste and residue-based feedstocks in the production of renewable NEXBTL fuels to such a significant extent. Thanks to this, Neste Oil has in just a few years become the world’s largest circular economy enterprise in the biofuels sector. The production of fuels from waste-based feedstock is resource-efficient, and our aim is to have the capability to use 100% waste and residues by 2017. We are constantly searching for new waste-based raw materials of increasingly poorer quality, and use the majority of our EUR 40 million [US$44 million] R&D expenditure for raw material research.—Kaisa Hietala, Executive Vice President of Neste Oil’s Renewable Products business area
Additionally, Neste Oil manufactures renewable products from vegetable oils, mainly from crude palm oil. Its proportion of the total feedstock usage has decreased markedly over the past few years and currently stands at 38% (47% in 2013, 65% in 2012).
In all, Neste Oil is already able to produce renewable diesel from more than ten different raw materials, and the total amount of renewal diesel produced by Neste Oil in 2014 would suffice to power 2.8 million passenger cars for one year.
All of the company’s renewable raw materials are sustainably produced and comply with both the requirements set out by legislation and the company’s own stringent sustainability criteria. With regard to crude palm oil, Neste Oil only uses certified feedstock.
Neste Oil produces renewable products based on its proprietary NEXBTL technology in its refineries located in Finland, the Netherlands, and Singapore. With its annual capacity of 2 million tonnes, the company is the world’s largest producer of renewable diesel.
The goal is to increase annual capacity to 2.6 million tonnes without making any major additional investments. Additionally, the NEXBTL product range will expand to cover entirely new applications outside traffic fuels, such as the chemical industry.