Canada targets cutting GHGs 30% below 2005 levels by 2030; new regulations for oil and gas, power, petrochemicals
Canada Environment Minister Leona Aglukkaq announced that Canada plans to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 30% below 2005 levels by 2030. Canada formally submitted its target, referred to as an Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Canada will continue to take cooperative action with its continental trading partners, particularly the United States, in integrated sectors of the economy, including energy and transportation.
Minister Aglukkaq also announced the Government’s intention to develop new regulatory measures under its sector-by-sector approach that would build on actions already taken on two of Canada’s largest sector sources of GHG emissions: transportation and electricity. The new regulations include:
Regulations aligned with recently proposed actions in the United States to reduce GHG methane from the oil-and-gas sector.
Regulations for natural gas-fired electricity, which would build on Canada’s existing coal-fired electricity regulations. Canada already has 79% non-emitting electricity generation. The G7 average is 38%; the G20 average is 31%.
Regulations for the production of chemicals and nitrogen fertilizers, which would reduce the growth of GHGs from two of the largest sources of emissions in Canada’s manufacturing sector.
Canada has invested more than $10 billion in technologies to promote innovation and emissions reductions. To build on this, Canada will focus domestic climate-related investments in innovative technologies to continue to drive further improvements in environmental performance in the oil sands and other growing sectors.
Canada projects that its 2020 GHG emissions will be 130 megatonnes (Mt) lower than if no action was taken—an amount roughly equivalent to one year’s worth of GHG emissions from all of Canada’s road transportation.
In 2013, Canada's GHG emissions were 3.1% lower than 2005 levels while the economy grew by 12.9% over the same time period. Canada’s per capita GHG emissions have fallen to their lowest levels since tracking began.
The new proposed regulatory actions are in addition to recently announced regulations establishing more stringent standards for cars, light trucks, and heavy-duty vehicles, as well as Canada’s intent to regulate hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).