Oak Ridge AMIE demo integrates 3D-printed building, natural gas hybrid with bi-directional wireless power transfer
A research demonstration unveiled at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (DOE ORNL) combines clean energy technologies into a 3D-printed building and a 3D-printed natural gas-powered hybrid vehicle to showcase a new approach to energy use, storage and consumption. The Additive Manufacturing Integrated Energy (AMIE) demonstration, displayed at DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Industry Day event, is a model for energy-efficient systems that link buildings, vehicles and the grid.
An ORNL team worked with industrial partners to manufacture and connect a natural-gas-powered hybrid electric vehicle with a solar-powered building to create an integrated energy system. Power can flow in either direction between the vehicle and building through a lab-developed wireless technology. The approach allows the car to provide supplemental power to the 210-square-foot building when the sun is not shining.
The vehicle and building were produced via ORNL’s Big Area Additive Manufacturing (BAAM) system.
The demonstration also showcases additive manufacturing's rapid prototyping potential in architecture and vehicle design; the car and house both were built using large-scale 3D printers.
|This video illustrates the flow of electrical energy through the components of the AMIE demonstration project. AMIE uses an integrated energy system that shares energy between a building and a vehicle (vehicle-to-home, V2H). Utilizing advanced manufacturing and rapid innovation, it only took one year from concept to launch.|
The 38x12x13-foot building was designed by architecture firm Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill (SOM) through the University of Tennessee-ORNL Governor’s Chair for Energy and Urbanism. The design incorporates low-cost vacuum insulated panels into an additively manufactured shell assembled by Clayton Homes, the nation’s largest builder of manufactured housing.
Connecting the house to the 3D-printed vehicle demonstrates the concept of integrating two energy streams, buildings and transportation, which typically operate independently.
Working together, we designed a building that innovates construction and building practices and a vehicle with a long enough range to serve as a primary power source. Our integrated system allows you to get multiple uses out of your vehicle.—ORNL’s Roderick Jackson, who led the AMIE demonstration project
Advanced building controls and power management maximize the efficiency of the system's components. The project’s energy control center manages the system’s electrical demand and load by balancing the intermittent power from the building’s 3.2 kW solar array with supplemental power from the vehicle.
ORNL researchers hope their integrated approach to energy generation, storage and consumption will introduce solutions for the modern electric grid, which faces challenges ranging from extreme weather events to how best to incorporate growing renewable energy use, particularly as the transportation sector transitions away from fossil fuels.
We’re looking at large community issues from the single-unit level. Our research provides solutions on a small scale, which will translate to a significant reduction in energy use and an increase in cost savings when ramped up to a national, and even global, level.—ORNL’s Martin Keller, associate laboratory director for Energy and Environmental Sciences
Partners on the project are: Alcoa/Kawneer; Clayton Homes; Cincinnati Incorporated; DowAksa; EPB; GE Appliances; Hexagon Lincoln; the Institute for Advanced Composite Manufacturing Innovation; Johnson Controls; Knoxville Utilities Board; Liberty Utilities; Line-X; Mach Fuels; NanoPore; Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP; Spiers New Technologies; Techmer ES; Tru-Design; and the University of Tennessee’s College of Architecture and Design.
Support for the project was provided by ORNL’s Laboratory Directed Research and Development program and through collaboration among the Energy Department’s Building Technologies Office, Advanced Manufacturing Office and Vehicle Technologies Office. The project also used resources at ORNL’s Building Technologies Research and Integration Center, Manufacturing Demonstration Facility and National Transportation Research Center.