Daimler Buses said it plans to bring both the battery-electric Citaro E-CELL and the hydrogen-driven Citaro F-CELL to production standard and on the roads by 2018. The two buses are based on a joint E-Mobility platform.
This electric mobility platform includes charging systems with plug-in technology as well as current collector systems on the roof of the vehicle, different sets of batteries and fuel cell system configurations.
The objective behind the e-platform is to create an electric urban bus that can be customised based on largely standardized components. This will allow various market demands to be met while at the same time attaining maximum economy. A modular approach not only reduces direct vehicle costs but also the amount spent on repairs and maintenance. This reduces the gap between the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) of urban buses powered by diesel and those with electric drives. In this way, the TCO premium for emission-free driving becomes reasonable, Daimler said.
The upcoming Citaro F-CELL incorporates all the experience gained from the present third generation of fuel cell buses, which altogether comprises 27 buses. Introduced in 2011, the majority of them are used by customers on regular-service routes. This testing and validation phase for the fuel cell drive system is now complete.
The fourth generation of fuel cell bus ready for series production will include rigid buses as well as articulated and large-capacity vehicles. Hydrogen consumption for the rigid vehicles will decrease to less than 10 kg/100 km, while availability will increase to more than 90%.