IEEE has published the 1609.3-2016 Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) -- Networking Services. IEEE 1609.3 defines network (Layer 3) and transport layer (Layer 4) services that support secure WAVE data exchange, including addressing and routing.
The lack of ubiquitous high-speed communications between vehicles and service providers and the lack of homogeneous communication interfaces between different automotive manufacturers have limited externally driven services to vehicles. The IEEE 1609 family of standards for WAVE completely address the issue of standardized communication interfaces between different manufacturers.
The IEEE 1609 Family of Standards for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) defines the architecture, communications model, management structure, security mechanisms and physical access for high-speed (up to 27 Mb/s) short-range (up to 1000m) low-latency wireless communications in the vehicular environment. The primary architectural components defined by these standards are the On Board Unit (OBU), Road Side Unit (RSU) and WAVE interface.
These standards also define how applications that utilize WAVE will function in the WAVE environment as illustrated in IEEE 1609.0, based on the management activities defined in IEEE P1609.1, the security protocols defined in IEEE P1609.2, and the network-layer protocol defined in IEEE P1609.3. Lastly, they provide extensions to the physical channel access defined in IEEE 802.11 to support the WAVE standards in IEEE P1609.4.
As part of the IEEE 1609 family of standards, the IEEE 1609.3 standard defines WAVE short messages and provides an efficient WAVE-specific alternative to IP v6 that can be directly supported by applications. Further, this standard defines the management information base for the WAVE protocol stack.
1609.3-2016 supersedes 1609.3-2010/Cor 2-2014 IEEE Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) -- Network Systems Corrigendum 2: Miscellaneous Corrections.