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Volkswagen & Audi to pay >$14.7B in US to settle 2.0L diesel emissions case; $2B of that to promote ZEVs

Under a class action settlement agreement filed today (earlier post), Volkswagen and Audi in the US will pay more than $14.7 billion to settle complaints arising from its cheating on emissions from its 2.0-liter diesel engines. The class settlement creates a funding pool of up to $10.033 billion for affected consumers; companion settlements with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and California Air Resources Board (ARB) call for an additional $4.7 billion for environmental impact. (California’’s share represents one-quarter of the total national mitigation funding of $4.7 billion dollars.)

The class-wide settlement in the Volkswagen “Clean Diesel” Marketing, Sales Practices, and Products Liability Litigation will provide owners and lessees of Volkswagen and Audi 2.0-liter diesel vehicles substantial compensation through buybacks and lease terminations, government-approved emissions modifications, and cash payments, while fixing or removing these polluting vehicles from the road.

The proposed consumer settlement was filed in the Northern District of California as part of the multidistrict litigation currently being overseen by Judge Charles M. Breyer. If approved by the Court, this will be the largest consumer auto industry class action settlement in US history.

 Of approximately 499,000 2.0L TDL vehicles that were produced for sale in the US, approximately 460,000 Volkswagen and 15,000 Audi vehicles are currently in use and eligible for buybacks and lease terminations or emissions modifications, if approved by regulators. Under the class action settlement agreement, Volkswagen will create a funding pool of up to $10.033 billion dollars for the class. The settlement will provide consumers the choice of:

  • A buyback or lease termination on approximately 475,000 2.0-liter diesel vehicles.

  • If approved by the EPA and California Air Resources Board (or CARB), an emissions modification to ensure the vehicle no longer generates excess nitrogen oxide emissions.

The settlement also offers class members with cash compensation, whether they choose a buyback or an approved emissions modification. This is in addition to the vehicle’s Buyback value (NADA) or approved modification. These cash payments are only available to 2.0-liter vehicle owners and lessees who participate in the class action settlement.

Under companion settlements with EPA and CARB, which are incorporated in the class action settlement agreement, Volkswagen Group will pay an additional $2.7 billion into a mitigation trust to fund remediation of the excess nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from 2.0L TDI vehicles.  Further, another $2.0 billion over 10 years will go to zero emissions vehicle (ZEV) infrastructure, access and awareness initiatives in the US.

Volkswagen will also be required to pay additional money into a mitigation trust if it fails to remove from commerce or modify at least 85% of covered 2.0 liter vehicles by 30 June 2019. Volkswagen has also reached companion agreements with the Federal Trade Commission as well as over 40 State Attorneys General.

This historic agreement holds Volkswagen accountable for its betrayal of consumer trust, and requires Volkswagen to repair the environmental damage it caused. To achieve relief for consumers so swiftly on such a large scale is unprecedented. We are grateful for the leadership of Judge Breyer; the Settlement Master, former FBI Director Robert Mueller; and the DOJ, EPA, FTC and CARB during this complex process. We have taken the first step toward achieving the settlements’ goals: fairly compensating consumers, undoing the cars’ environmental damage through remediation, and fixing or getting these polluting cars off the road.

—Elizabeth Cabraser, Court-appointed Lead Counsel and chair of the 21 member Plaintiffs’ Steering Committee (PSC), which negotiated the settlement on behalf of class members

Vehicle Buyback. Under the terms of the proposed class settlement, eligible owner class members who choose the Buyback Program will receive a payment equal to the September 2015 National Automobile Dealers Association (“NADA”) Clean Trade-In value of the car (before the emissions conduct became public), adjusted for their options and mileage.

Certain owners will be eligible for forgiveness of their car loan obligations, and certain lessees will be able to terminate their lease with no penalty. Volkswagen may begin buying back eligible vehicles as early as the fall of 2016, just over one year after the diesel emissions issues were first revealed.

Vehicle Fix. Alternatively, if owners or lessees prefer, they can wait and see whether an emissions modification is approved by EPA and CARB for their vehicles. If an EPA and CARB-approved emissions modification becomes available, Volkswagen will modify their non-compliant 2.0-liter vehicle free of charge, with extended warranties and “lemon law” protections.

If a modification is not approved for a certain vehicle, the Buyback Program will still be available, or a class member can withdraw from the settlement. Volkswagen will be prohibited from re-selling in the US or abroad any vehicle that does not receive an approved emissions modification.

Cash Payments. Class members will also receive cash payments in addition to the Buyback value or approved modification. The amount is the same whether one participates in the buyback or modification program. The settlement agreement includes a formula for how this cash payment is determined. For example, most owners who purchased a 2.0-liter vehicle before 18 September 2015 will be eligible for a payment ranging from $5,100 to approximately $10,000 per vehicle.

This cash is to be paid on top of the September 2015 Clean Trade-in value for class members participating in the Buyback Program. Benefits to class members cannot be reduced by attorneys’ fees. Fees and costs must be paid in addition by Volkswagen as approved by the Court.

Class members can visit www.VWCourtSettlement.com to learn if they have an eligible vehicle. If the Court grants preliminary approval on 26 Jul, this site will then include a secure settlement look-up tool where consumers can enter their vehicle’s VIN number to learn their compensation amount. When and if the Court grants final approval, the claims process will open to eligible Volkswagen and Audi 2.0 liter owners and lessees without delays on appeal.

On 22 April 2016, Volkswagen Group recognized total exceptional charges of €16.2 billion (US$17.8 billion) in its financial statements for 2015 for worldwide provisions related to technical modifications and repurchases, legal risks and other items as a result of the diesel matter. As noted at that time, due to the complexities and legal uncertainties associated with resolving the diesel matter, a future assessment of the risks may be different.

Today’s announcement is within the scope of our provisions and other financial liabilities that we have already disclosed, and we are in a position to manage the consequences. It provides further clarity for our US customers and dealers as well as for our shareholders. Settlements of this magnitude are clearly a very significant burden for our business. We will now focus on implementing our TOGETHER-Strategy 2025 (earlier post) and improving operational excellence across the Volkswagen Group.

—Frank Witter, Chief Financial Officer of Volkswagen AG

Among the key elements of the TOGETHER-Strategy 2025 initiative is the launch of more than 30 purely battery-powered electric vehicles (BEVs) over the next ten years.



It strikes me that they are compensating the wrong people.

Mainly, they should compensate their competitors who they undercut and took sales from.

The owners won't lose as they can sell the cars back or get them fixed.

The general public should be compensated for the excess pollution they have to breath, but this is covered by the $2.7B for NOx, which probably hasn't caused much harm in the USA as there aren't that many VWs there.

There are lots of VWs in Europe, in our cities, but I don;t see anyone here getting compensated for that.

Basically, it is just a shakedown by the US justice system.


I Think the competitors will be properly compensated with purchases from former VW owners.

I am curious, however, what constitutes remediation for nitrogen oxide emissions. What can be done to neutralize it or change the composition into something less harmful?


Wonder how I can take advantage of the buy back program in Canada

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