DLR developing novel thermochemical air conditioning unit for fuel cell and battery-electric vehicles
The DLR Institutes of Engineering Thermodynamics and Vehicle concepts are developing innovative auxiliary units for air conditioning electric vehicles (fuel cell and battery electric) as part of the DLR Next Generation Car (NGC) project.
For fuel cell vehicles, this assembly consists of two reactors—each the size of a small shoebox. Stainless steel plates are layered on top of one another in the interior and are filled alternately with metal hydride and a heat carrier fluid. One reactor cools the air conditioning system, and the other generates heat that is dissipated into the surroundings.
The pressure difference between the hydrogen tank, which stores the gas at several hundred bar, and the fuel cell, which is fed at five bar, is used to start the reaction process.
The air conditioning unit is an open system that can be incorporated into the existing hydrogen infrastructure of the fuel cell drive train without consuming hydrogen.
The air conditioning unit can also be extended for use in battery-driven electric vehicles as a closed system without affecting the range of the vehicle. To do so, two further reactors are required that act in the same way as the hydrogen tank.
A unit for electric vehicles in the 2.5-kilowatt range has already been developed and will be field-tested with industrial partners.
Mila Dieterich, Inga Bürger, Marc Linder “(2017) Open and closed metal hydride system for high thermal power applications: Preheating vehicle components,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.03.024
Mounir Nasri, Michael Schier, Marc Linder, Horst Friedrich (2015) “Thermal Management Concepts for Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles Based on Thermochemical Heat Storages” SAE 2015 Thermal Management Systems Symposium
Marc Linder, Rudi Kulenovic (2011) “An energy-efficient air-conditioning system for hydrogen driven cars,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 36, Issue 4, Pages 3215-3221 doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.11.101