DOE awarding $19.4M to 22 advanced vehicle technologies projects; Mercedes-Benz, GM Li-S battery projects
The US Department of Energy (DOE) is awarding $19.4 million to 22 new cost-shared projects to accelerate the research of advanced battery, lightweight materials, engine emission control technologies, and energy efficient mobility systems (EEMS). Among the awardees are Mercedes-Benz Research & Development North America and GM, with separate projects on Li-sulfur batteries, as two of the fifteen Phase 1 “Battery Seedling” Projects.
The Battery Seedling projects are aimed at innovative battery materials and approaches that complement the Vehicle Technologies Office Battery500 Consortium’s research to more than double the specific energy (to 500 watt-hours per kilogram) of lithium battery technologies. These projects enable smaller, safer, lighter weight, and less expensive battery packs that ultimately will make electric vehicles more affordable. Promising phase 1 awardees will be competitively down-selected at the end of 18 months for a second phase of research.
The Department of Army will contribute an additional $1 million through the Advanced Vehicle Power Technology Alliance to support these projects.
The three selected EEMS projects will conduct research that evaluates energy savings benefits from connected and automated vehicles. They will lead to the creation of new software, controls, and technologies that use connectivity and automation to improve vehicle efficiency, a novel research vehicle testbed to evaluate connected and automated technologies, and analyze the system-wide energy opportunities available through connectivity and automation combined with shared mobility.
Two projects will research, develop, and use integrated computation materials engineering (ICME) techniques to develop low cost carbon fiber from a variety of feedstocks and precursors that can be used to make carbon fiber with less energy and lower cost. An additional two projects will research and develop novel emission control strategies for advanced combustion engines.
The award is from the FY 2017 Vehicle Technologies Program-Wide Funding Opportunity (DE-FOA-0001629) issued in December 2016. (Earlier post.) Selected projects include:
|Battery500 Seedling Projects – Phase 1 awards (Area of Interest 1)|
|University of Maryland: College Park||Research innovative iron-based materials for high energy cathodes for high energy lithium ion battery technologies.||$400,000|
|Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory||Research thick cathodes using freeze casting methods for solid-state lithium batteries.||$400,000|
|Penn State University Park||Research multifunctional Li-ion conducting interfacial materials that enable high- performance lithium metal anodes.||$399,194|
|Mercedes-Benz Research & Development North America, Inc.||Research a scalable synthesis to enable very thin coatings on solid state electrolyte membranes to enable high performance Li-Sulfur Battery.||$400,000|
|University of Maryland: College Park||Using 3D printed, low tortuosity frameworks, develop solid state Li-ion batteries.||$400,000|
|General Motors LLC||Design, engineer, develop, and integrate pouch-format cells for lithium-sulfur batteries to achieve high energy density and long cycle life.||$400,000|
|University of Pittsburgh||Research sulfur electrodes utilizing lithium ion conductor (LIC) coatings for high energy density advanced lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries.||$400,000|
|Cornell University||Research highly loaded sulfur cathodes and conductive carbon coated separators that enable high energy batteries.||$360,000|
|University of Maryland: College Park||Research advanced electrolytes to limit dendrite growth in lithium-metal cells.||$400,000|
|Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station||Utilize an analytical and experimental approach to examine the interface between solid state electrolytes and lithium-metal anodes and identify potential methods for mitigating dendrite growth.||$400,000|
|Navitas Advanced Solutions Group, LLC||Research a solvent-free process to fabricate all-solid Li batteries.||$400,000|
|Wayne State University||Research novel full-cell, ultra high-energy Li- metal batteries based on 3-dimensional architectures.||$225,000|
|Oregon State University||Research and develop a new process to produce Li2S@graphene composite cathodes to inhibit polysulfides to enhance cycle life.||$353,500|
|SUNY University at Stony Brook||Research li-sulfur batteries using a novel sulfur rich nanosheet composite cathode.||$400,000|
|University of Houston||Research high-energy solid-state lithium batteries with organic cathode materials.||$400,000|
|ICME Low Cost Carbon Fiber (Area of Interest 2)|
|University of Virginia||Research multiscale integrated computational approach to assess new carbon fiber precursors. Reactive Force Field and coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations of conversion processes will help identify promising precursors.||$3,000,000|
|Western Research Institute||Using state-of-the-art oil and polymer analytics, DFT aided molecular dynamics modeling, and machine learning, the Consortium will develop advanced computational tools for low cost carbon fiber from a variety of feed stocks.||$3,745,413|
|Emission Control Strategies for Advanced Combustion Engines (Area of Interest 3)|
|University of Houston||Research and develop a multi-functional, lean catalyzed trap for low temperature combustion engines.||$2,099,998|
|University of Kentucky||Research and develop novel adsorber technology to address hydrocarbon and nitrogen oxide emissions for Low Temperature Gasoline Applications.||$2,098,530|
|EEMS R&D projects (Area of Interest 4)|
|Clemson University||Create anticipative and predictive vehicle controls algorithms and develop novel vehicle-in-the-loop testbed to show energy savings of 10% in mixed traffic.||$1,159,987|
|Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University||Develop a novel bi-level (traffic and vehicle) controller that integrates eco-routing, speed harmonization, and vehicle dynamics control to achieve 20% efficiency improvement in combined city/highway traffic.||$1,507,197|
|University of California: Riverside||Evaluate energy opportunities from connected, automated, shared mobility services through data collection and energy intensity and modal activity modeling in the state of California.||$1,094,578|