In his 16th—and final—State of the State address, California Governor Jerry Brown said that the state will need 5 million zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) on the road by 2030 to meet the state’s goals. In March 2012, the governor had set a goal of putting 1.5 million ZEVs on California’s roads by 2025. ZEV technologies include hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) and plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), which include both pure battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs).
According to the Auto Alliance ZEV sales dashboard, as of the end of October 2017, California had 176,681 battery-electric and fuel-cell vehicles—i.e., fully zero tailpipe emissions vehicles—on its roads. When plug-in hybrids are added, that brings the total to 337,483 units.
|Sales of FCEVs, BEVs and PHEVs in California. Source: Auto Alliance ZEV Sales Dashboard. Click to enlarge.|
In 2012, Governor Brown issued Executive Order B-16-12 directing state government to help accelerate the market for zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) in California. This Executive Order calls for 1.5 million ZEVs in California by 2025 and establishes several milestones on the pathway toward this target. The Administration’s 2013 ZEV Action Plan then identified specific actions state government would take.
In October 2016, the California Governor’s Interagency Working Group on Zero-Emission Vehicles issued an updated ZEV action plan—a roadmap toward the 1.5 million ZEVs by 2025. This 2016 Action Plan also addresses medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, as well as zero-emission technologies for public transit and freight transport.