Eurostat estimates that in 2017, CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion increased by 1.8% in the European Union (EU), compared with the previous year. CO2 emissions account for around 80% of all EU greenhouse gas emissions and are influenced by factors such as climate conditions, economic growth, size of the population, transport and industrial activities.
According to Eurostat estimates, CO2 emissions rose in 2017 in a majority of EU Member States, with the highest increase being recorded in Malta (+12.8%), followed by Estonia (+11.3%), Bulgaria (+8.3%) Spain (+7.4%) and Portugal (+7.3%).
Decreases were registered in seven Member States: Finland (-5.9%), Denmark (-5.8%), the United Kingdom (-3.2%), Ireland (-2.9%), Belgium (-2.4%), Latvia (-0.7%) and Germany (-0.2%).
Eurostat computes early estimates of CO2 emissions from energy use based on monthly energy statistics and using a harmonized methodology. These data may slightly differ from those published nationally. Eurostat is the statistical office of the European Union.