US short-haul shipments of gasoline primarily by truck & pipeline; long-haul primarily by rail & water
The latest US Department of Transportation (DOT) Freight Analysis Framework (FAF version 4) shows that modes used for the domestic movement of gasoline vary greatly by the shipment distance.
For short-haul movements (less than 250 miles), gasoline is primarily shipped by truck and pipeline, but for long-haul movements (1,000 miles and over), rail and water are used most often, likely due to the economics of bulk shipments by those modes.
Of total gasoline movement in 2015 (139 billion ton-miles) about 38% are short hauls.
GASOLINE MOVEMENT BY SHIPMENT DISTANCE AND MODE, 2015