In comments being filed today on the Safer Affordable Fuel-Efficient (SAFE) Vehicles Rule for Model Years 2021-2026 Passenger Cars and Light Trucks, the Trump Administration’s proposal to freeze fuel economy regulations, General Motors proposes the establishment of a National Zero Emissions Vehicle (NZEV) program to support a 50-state solution, promote the success of the US automotive industry and preserve US industrial leadership.
General Motors anticipates the NZEV program, as recommended, has the potential to place more than 7 million long-range EVs on US roads by 2030, yielding a cumulative incremental reduction of 375 million tons of CO2 emissions between 2021 and 2030.
General Motors supports a nationwide program modeled on the existing ZEV program and provides these framework recommendations:
Establish ZEV requirements (by credits) each year, starting at 7% in 2021 and increasing 2% each year to 15% by 2025, then 25% by 2030.
Use of a crediting system modeled on the current ZEV program: credits per vehicle, based on EV range, as well as averaging, banking and trading.
Requirements after 2025 linked to path toward commercially viable EV battery cell availability at a cost of $70/kWh and adequate EV infrastructure development.
Establishment of a Zero Emissions Task Force to promote complementary policies.
Program terminates when 25% target is met, or based on a determination that the battery cost or infrastructure targets are not practicable within the timeframe.
Additional consideration for EVs deployed as autonomous vehicles and in rideshare programs.