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Monash University, Toyota Research Institute team develop family of borane-based ionic liquids for advanced battery electrolytes

A team from Monash University, a leading university in Australia, and the Toyota Research Institute North America (TRINA), a division of Toyota Motor North America R&D (TMNA) based in Ann Arbor, Michigan, reports a novel family of closo-boron-cluster based room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs).

Their very low glass transition temperatures, high cathodic and anodic stabilities and compatibility with Li and Mg metals make them excellent candidates as electrolytes for rechargeable batteries and hybrid devices. Their paper is published in the RSC journal Energy & Environmental Science.


Stable ionic liquid electrolytes based on the carborane anion. Photo Credit: Dr. Mega Kar

The electrolyte in current Li-ion batteries typically consists of an organic electrolyte that is generally flammable and volatile. The Monash-TRINA group has found new electrolytes, based on liquid salts, that can be used in batteries to eliminate flammability and increase stability.

We have also shown that these new electrolytes could provide enabling technologies of rechargeable magnesium and lithium metal batteries. These super stable electrolytes may also allow use of higher voltage materials in Li-ion batteries, increasing their energy storage capacity.

—study author Professor Doug MacFarlane, Monash School of Chemistry

TRINA principle scientist Rana Mohtadi, who is the project leader, said the new materials were based on a small icosahedral dice-shaped ion called carborane anion, which is made of boron clusters. Research has shown recently that these materials are very stable and applicable beyond lithium battery chemistries.

We wanted to exploit the stability of these anions to make ionic liquids that enable high-energy density batteries based on metals such as lithium and magnesium. In fact, this is the first to time show that ionic liquids can even function in magnesium batteries.

—Dr. Mohtadi

Dr. Oscar Tutusaus, a TRINA researcher directly involved in the development of these materials, highlighted the novelty of using highly stable boron clusters to prepare ionic liquids for energy storage.


  • Mega Kar, Oscar Tutusaus, Douglas R. MacFarlane and Rana Mohtadi (2018) “Novel and versatile room temperature ionic liquids for energy storage ” Energy & Environmental Science doi: 10.1039/C8EE02437E


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