BASF produces methanol on basis of biomass balance approach; production with renewable raw materials reduces GHG at least 50%
BASF has introduced a product for the production of methanol on the basis of renewable raw materials according to the biomass balance approach. The product name is EU-REDcert-methanol. The company replaces fossil raw materials with second-generation renewable raw materials and uses waste as well as residual materials.
As a result, BASF reduces emissions of greenhouse gases by at least 50% compared with conventionally produced methanol. In terms of its chemical and physical characteristics, biomass balanced methanol is identical to methanol produced from fossil resources. BASF markets the EU-REDcert-methanol to customers and also uses it itself as an intermediate for other biomass-balanced products.
BASF developed the innovative “biomass balance method” together with TÜV SÜD, in which fossil resources in the current Production Verbund are replaced by renewable resources with sustainability certification. The formulation and quality of the corresponding end products remain unchanged. In this process, renewable raw materials are used as feedstock at the very beginning of production in the Verbund, and allocated to the respective sales products using the novel certification method. The certified products thus contribute to sustainable development by saving fossil resources and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Methanol is an important raw material for many products from different value chains and application areas. Derived products such as formaldehyde, acetic acid and methylamines are very important in terms of volume. Other important derivatives include methyl tert-butyl ether, methyl methacrylate, polyalcohols and silicones. Methanol also serves as an energy supplier and can be used as a raw material for chemical conversion into other fuels or fuel additives.
The EU-REDcert-methanol is certified according to the REDcert standard. The certificate, which was founded by leading associations and organizations of the German agricultural and biofuel industry, proves the sustainable origin of the biomass used and the information on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. It is a standard for use as biofuel, recognized by the European Commission under the Renewable Energy Directive (RED).
The biomass balance approach is comparable to the green electricity principle. The electricity taken from the socket does not necessarily come from renewable energy, but the corresponding amount of renewable energy is fed into the grid. Another decisive factor in the biomass balance approach is that the proportion of renewable raw materials in the system as a whole is correct and is mathematically assigned to the certified BASF products. The process is used for numerous BASF products (e.g. superabsorbents, dispersions and plastics) that are independently certified.