Global anthropogenic fossil CO2 emissions increased by 1.2% in 2017 compared to the previous year, reaching 37.1 gigatonnes (Gt) CO2, according to the latest report by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC). The report provides the CO2 emissions trends for all countries across the globe from 1970 through 2017.
In 2017, emissions in China increased by 0.9%. The 100 Mt increase corresponds approximately to the total CCO2O2 emissions of Belgium in 2017 (104.221 Mt CO2/year). China’s emission growth has been very strong since 2000, although they have stabilized since 2014. In 2017, China’s total CO2 emissions amounted to 10.9 Gt—29.4% of the global total.
In the US, emissions have been stable since 1990, but fell by 0.8% from 2016 to 2017, amounting to a total of 5.1 GT (13.7% of global total). This was mainly due to a 2.5% decrease in coal power and a 1.4% decrease in natural gas consumption.
In the EU, strong economic performance resulted in a slight increase of CO2 emissions (1.1%). This increase (38 megatonnes (Mt)) corresponds approximately to the total CO2 emissions of Slovakia in 2017 (37.855 Mt CO2/year). In 2017, the EU’s CO2 emissions were 19.5% lower than in 1990, and 16.5% (or 3.5 GT) lower than in 2005. There have been strong reductions in the industry, power and buildings sectors, but an increase in the transport sector.
Russia’s CO2 emissions increased by 1.1% to a total of about 1.8 Gt in 2017.
Per capita emissions in the EU are now below those of China and half of those in the US. The CO2 intensity of the EU economy is around one-third below the US and around two-thirds below China.