In its EU Biofuels Annual 2019 report, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) observes that the EU looks like it is falling short of its biofuel targets. The EU set a 10% target for renewable energy use in transport for 2020, and raised the target to 14% in 2030, with advanced biofuels counting double to the target.
However, even taking double-counting into account, biofuels accounted for 7.1% of energy use in transport in 2018, with a forecast increase to 7.3% in 2019, mainly supported by elevated imports.
Further increase for 2019 is hampered by lagging domestic production of biodiesel in particular, the report says.
The EU agreed to a 7% cap for food-based biofuels, which is forecast at 4.6% in 2019. For advanced, non-food based biofuels, the EU set a climbing target of 0.2% in 2022 reaching 3.5 percent in 2030. Use of such advanced biofuels, made mostly from agricultural, forestry and municipal waste, is estimated at currently 0.2% and forecast to rise mainly based on tall oil.