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In 2017, Australia, Chile, and Argentina produced 91% of the world’s lithium

Some key materials used for manufacturing lithium-ion batteries are lithium, cobalt, nickel, manganese, and natural graphite, which come from more than 30 different countries. In 2017, Australia, Chile, and Argentina produced 91% of all lithium while the rest of the world supplied the remaining 9%.


The Democratic Republic of Congo produced 59% of the world’s cobalt. Other lithium-ion battery materials, such as nickel, have a more even distribution of production throughout the world.


Clean Energy Manufacturing Analysis Center, “Are there enough materials to cover li-ion batteries?”



Who says that future improved lower cost solid states batteries will use as much lithium and cobalt per kWh.

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