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DOE awards $56.5M to 32 coal technology projects

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is awarding $56.5 million in federal funding to 32 cost-shared research and development (R&D) projects for advanced coal technologies and research under six separate funding opportunity announcements (FOAs).

The projects cover a range of topics, including carbon capture, utilization, and storage; rare earth element recovery; coal to products; crosscutting coal R&D; steam turbine efficiency; and advanced materials.

The first funding opportunity award is for $10 million for ten projects under DE-FOA-0001992, Maximizing the Coal Value Chain. The projects will develop innovative uses of domestic coal for upgraded coal-based feedstocks used to produce power and make steel, and for producing high-value products from coal or coal by-products—ultimately creating new market opportunities for coal.

The second funding opportunity award is for $11.9 million under DE-FOA-0001996, Advancing Steam Turbines for Coal Boilers. The two projects selected under this FOA seek to improve the performance of steam-based power cycles, resulting in lower cost electricity with reduced emissions per megawatt-hour from coal fueled boilers.

The third funding opportunity award is for $9.3 million for ten projects under DE-FOA-0002001, Crosscutting Research for Coal-Fueled Power Plants. Selected projects will develop innovative technologies that enhance the performance and economics of the existing and future coal fleet—thereby lowering electricity costs for consumers. This effort supports DOE’s Crosscutting Research Program, which develops technologies that can be applied to a range of fossil energy uses.

The fourth funding opportunity award is for $5 million under DE-FOA-0002002, Advanced Materials for High-Efficiency, Flexible and Reliable Coal-Fueled Power Plants. DOE selected five projects to support its Crosscutting Research program, which fosters the development and deployment of innovative systems for improving efficiency and environmental performance. The projects focus on enhancing the cyclic durability and reducing the cost of materials used in advanced ultra-supercritical (AUSC) power plants.

In the fifth funding opportunity award, three projects were selected to receive up to $15 million under DE-FOA-0002003, Process Scale-Up and Optimization/Efficiency Improvements for Rare Earth Elements (REE) and Critical Materials (CM) Recovery from United States Coal-Based Resources. The selected projects will support DOE’s Feasibility of Recovering REEs program and will advance technology development for recovery of REE and CM from domestic coal-based resources via conventional extraction, separation, and recovery processes.

Finally, through the sixth funding opportunity award, two projects were selected to receive $5.3 million under DE-FOA-0001998, Transformational Sensing Systems for Monitoring the Deep Subsurface. This award seeks to reduce uncertainty of and enable real-time decision-making associated with subsurface carbon dioxide storage. The selected projects support DOE’s Carbon Storage Research Program by improving characterization and prediction of subsurface fluid movement and enhancing real-time measurement of critical subsurface properties.

Comments

SJC

Rare Earth Elements...
We have those, we don't mine nor refine those because the private sector deems them not profitable enough. China knows they need them.

Engineer-Poet

One of the problems with rare earths is that they are chemically similar to, and associated with, thorium which by NRC regulations has to be disposed of as "radioactive waste" if it's in too high a concentration.  This is expen$ive.  We'd probably be better off if thorium was certified as nuclear fuel and our REE-associated thorium used to run our reactors.  The conversion to U-233 would be poor in high-flux reactors due to the 27-day half life and high neutron-capture cross section of Pa-233, but that might work as a "burnable poison" in lieu of e.g. gadolinium.

Lad

Coal Industry giveaway of taxpayers money by The Fossil Fuel President??

Engineer-Poet

Some of these REE recovery trials are using drainage from closed mines and coal ash dumps, neither of which benefit the mining industry directly.

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