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US DOE and US Army collaborate to develop hydrogen fuel cell vehicle technology for emergency disaster relief

The Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is collaborating with the Department of Defense’s (DOD’s) US Army Ground Vehicle Systems Center and the US Army Corps of Engineers to develop and demonstrate ”H2Rescue“—a hydrogen fuel cell-powered emergency relief truck.

This collaboration will enable increased resilience and clean energy capability for first responders conducting emergency relief and disaster management efforts. It will include a feasibility study and the development of a joint plan for demonstration to ensure the truck meets the needs of users in the emergency management field.

Over the last year, fires in California and various hurricanes on the East Coast and in the Caribbean, including the recent Hurricane Dorian in the Bahamas, have prompted interest in specialty disaster and emergency relief vehicles.

The H2Rescue relief truck is a fuel cell/battery hybrid truck that first responders and the military can drive to disaster mitigation sites. It can provide sufficient hydrogen to provide power, heat, and even potable water for up to 24 to 72 hours.

This announcement supports DOE’s H2@Scale initiative that enables affordable and reliable hydrogen generation, transport, storage, and utilization in the United States across multiple sectors.

Collaborative opportunities to develop and demonstrate a first-of-its-kind emergency relief truck like H2Rescue can help identify technological gaps that feed back to DOE's H2@Scale R&D in heavy- and medium-duty transportation applications.

The Army Corps of Engineers, with contributions from the EERE’s Fuel Cell Technologies Office and Vehicle Technologies Office and DOD, will issue a Request for Proposals (RFP) on H2Rescue this fall.


It can provide sufficient hydrogen to provide power, heat, and even potable water for up to 24 to 72 hours.

"even potable water."  Let's look at that.  Suppose the truck carries 3x the typical load of H2, 20 kg.  20 kg of H2 makes a whole 180 kg of water.  That's not even 48 gallons.  48 gallons of water will scarcely supply one family for 3 days.

The Zeppelin airships condensed water from their engine exhausts to balance the weight of fuel burned.  An emergency vehicle could easily carry 100 gallons of gasoline.  At roughly 3 kg per gallon and 1/7 hydrogen by weight, this 100 gallons would make over 380 kg of water or over 100 gallons.  Still not nearly enough, but more than twice what the "H2Rescue" could supply.

These things are frauds.


Its disaster relief, not running a typical American home as per usual.

'Potable' means drinkable, not running a dishwasher.


SAEP is allergic to FCs and REs and posters with other opinions.

FCs are ideal to equip emergency vehicles with enough clean electricity for hours-days-weeks. The only limits would be the size of the FCs and access to H2. The drinkable water is an added side effect.


AlzHarvey lies again.  I'm against ideologically promoted things that are unfit for purpose.

Hypedrogen is unfit for emergency-services purposes because it is far more difficult to transport than liquids like gasoline and methanol, and transport is almost always damaged in natural disasters.  A vehicle that you cannot get fuel to is useless.  You can get liquids to any place you can bring a tanker truck or barge.  A hypedrogen system that depends on the electric grid (that's down because of the disaster) is useless for emergency services.

Fuel cells are fine; it's hypedrogen fuel cells that are mostly useless in disasters.  Methanol or ammonia fuel cells or HFCs fed by a methanol or ammonia reformer would be fine, and also generate water.  A gallon of methanol is 3.0 kg of liquid and reacts to make roughly 7 pints of water.  An emergency vehicle could easily carry 100 gallons of methanol and supply twice as much fresh water as the 20-kg HFCV.  You could carry additional fuel to it in jerry cans.  Hypedrogen?  It is to laugh.


Many types of FCs are superior to fuel burning polluting power units.

H2 made with excess REs such as (Hydro-Wind-Solar) could be one of the cleanest future affordable energy. Nuclear is OK for very rich nations?


By the way, the new NPPs being built in France, Finland and UK are many months/years behind schedule and total cost is 3X+ times above original estimates.

So-Korea and China are doing much better?

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