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Dürr bringing AI to the paint shop

Dürr is announcing the availability of the first market-ready AI application for paint shops: Advanced Analytics. The solution, which combines the latest IT technology and mechanical engineering expertise, identifies sources of defects and determines optimal maintenance schedules.

It also tracks previously unknown correlations and uses the knowledge to adapt the algorithm to the plant using the principle of self-learning. Advanced Analytics is the latest module from the DXQanalyze product series. First practical applications are showing that the software from Dürr optimizes plant availability and the surface quality of painted bodies.


The AI application Advanced Analytics by Dürr identifies sources of defects and determines optimal maintenance schedules.

Why do body parts exhibit the same defects with an unusually high frequency? When is the latest that a mixer in the robot can be replaced without causing machine stoppage? Precise answers are important for sustainable economic success. Because every defect or every unnecessary maintenance procedure that can be avoided saves money or improves the product quality.

Previously there were very few precise conclusions that would enable the early detection of quality defects or failures. And if there were, they were generally based on painstaking manual data evaluation or trial-and-error attempts. Artificial Intelligence (AI) makes this much more accurate and automatic.

—Gerhard Alonso Garcia, Vice President MES & Control Systems at Dürr

The new self-learning Advanced Analytics plant and process monitoring system adds to DXQanalyze. The digital product series from Dürr already included the Data Acquisition modules for acquiring production data, Visual Analytics for visualizing it, and Streaming Analytics. The latter lets plant operators analyze in close to real time whether there are deviations from previously defined rules or target values in production using a low-code platform.

The Advanced Analytics module combines large quantities of data including historical data with machine learning. In the figurative sense this means that the self-learning AI application has a memory. This means that it can use information from the past to both recognize complex correlations in large quantities of data and predict an event in the future with a high degree of accuracy based on the current condition of a machine. There are multiple applications for this in paint shops, whether at component, process, or plant level.

When it comes to components, Advanced Analytics reduces downtimes through predictive maintenance and repair information; for example, by predicting the remaining service life of a mixer. If the component is replaced too early, it increases the spare part costs and repair overhead unnecessarily; on the other hand, waiting too long to replace a component can result in quality problems during coating and machine stoppages. Advanced Analytics starts by learning the wear indicators and the temporal pattern of the wear using high-frequency robot data. Since the data is continuously recorded and monitored, the machine learning module individually recognizes aging trends for the respective component based on actual use and calculates the optimum replacement time.

Advanced Analytics improves quality at process level by identifying anomalies for example by simulating the heat-up curve in the oven. Up to now, manufacturers only had data determined by sensors during measurement runs. However, the heat-up curves that are of vital importance for surface quality of the car bodies vary since the oven ages during the intervals between the measurements runs. This wear causes fluctuating ambient conditions, as in the strength of the air flow.

These days, thousands of bodies are produced without us knowing the temperatures to which the individual bodies were heated. Using machine learning, our Advanced Analytics module simulates how the temperature varies under different conditions. This gives our customers a permanent proof of quality for each individual body and lets them identify anomalies.

—Gerhard Alonso Garcia

At plant level, the software is used with the Advanced Analytics module to increase overall equipment effectiveness. The artificial intelligence tracks system defects such as recurring quality defects in model types, specific colors, or on individual body parts. This permits conclusions about which step in the production process is responsible for the deviations. Such defect and cause correlations make it possible to increase the first-run rate by allowing intervention at a very early stage.


With Artificial Intelligence, systematic errors in the painting process can be detected, thus OEE can be increased by allowing intervention at a very early stage.

Developing AI-capable data models is a very complex process. Machine learning does not work by feeding unspecified amounts of data into a “smart” algorithm, which then spits out an intelligent result. Instead, relevant (sensor) signals must be collected, carefully selected, and supplemented with structured additional information from production.

With Advanced Analytics, Dürr has developed a piece of software that supports different use scenarios, provides a runtime environment for machine learning models, and initiates model training.

The challenge involved there was no generally valid machine learning model and no suitable run-time environment we could have used. To be able to use AI at plant level, we combined our knowledge of mechanical and plant engineering with the knowledge of our experts from the Digital Factory. This resulted in the first AI solution for paint shops.

—Gerhard Alonso Garcia

Advanced Analytics was developed by an interdisciplinary team of data scientists, computer scientists, and process experts. Dürr collaborated with several leading automotive manufacturers. This allowed the developers to access real-life production data and beta site environments in production for different application cases. Initially, the algorithms were trained in the lab using a large number of test cases. Next, the algorithms continued learning on-site in real-life operation and autonomously adapted to environment and use conditions. The beta phase was recently successfully completed and showed the potential of AI.


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