Rio Tinto to invest ~$200M to progress the Jadar lithium project to feasibility study stage; jaderite
Rio Tinto has approved an additional investment of almost $200 million to progress the next stage of the development of the lithium-borate Jadar project in Serbia. This will primarily fund the feasibility study, including the completion of detailed engineering designs, as well as permitting and land acquisition by the end of 2021, in line with the initial project schedule.
Rio Tinto’s lithium project pipeline is an important part of our vision to pursue opportunities which are part of the transition to a low-carbon future. We look forward to working closely with the Government of Serbia over the next eighteen months as we develop and validate our understanding of the project to the point when we can seek a final investment decision by the Board of Rio Tinto.—Rio Tinto Energy & Minerals Chief Executive Bold Baatar
The Jadar deposit contains high-grade mineralization of boron and lithium supporting a long-life operation in the first quartile of operating costs for both products. The unique mineral—jadarite—was discovered by Rio Tinto geologists in 2004 near the city of Loznica in Western Serbia.
In March 2017, Rio Tinto upgraded the Jadar mineral resources in accordance with international standards—JORC—to 136 million tonnes. Total equivalent borate product resources are 21 Mt B2O3 and equivalent lithium product resourcesare 2.5 Mt Li2O, confirming that Jadar is a significant source of borates and lithium.
Jadarite is a white, earthy monoclinic silicate mineral with a chemical formula of LiNaSiB3O7(OH) or Na2OLi2O(SiO2)2(B2O3)3H2O.
Rio Tinto has developed a new, innovative technology for the production of lithium carbonate and boric acid from the mined ore. A global team of Rio Tinto experts have developed a small-scale test plant at Rio Tinto’s research center in Bundoora, Melbourne, Australia to test the new technology. So far, some 2,000 tests have been run to secure the most optimal mineral process for extraction of industrial chemicals from the jadarite ore.
The company completed the detailed exploration of the jadarite deposit in February 2020. The results of the drilling program are now being incorporated into an update of the geological model. This update will facilitate a JORC Reserve declaration as part of the feasibility study and also a submission of Elaborate on Reserves, in accordance with the Serbian mineral code.
The development includes an underground mine, an industrial processing facility and all associated infrastructure. The project has the potential to supply the world with a significant amount of end-industrial products for lithium batteries for electric vehicles and energy storage facilities. It would also supply borates which are used in the manufacturing of detergents, cosmetics and other consumer goods.
In parallel, Rio Tinto has also started work on the commissioning of its lithium demonstration plant in the United States, which is extracting lithium from waste rock at its Boron mine in California. This plant could potentially produce 10 tonnes per year of lithium-carbonate needed in rechargeable batteries for electric vehicles and consumer electronics.