## 7 companies launch Green Hydrogen Catapult to increase green H2 production 50-fold over next 6 years

##### 09 December 2020

World’s green hydrogen leaders unite to drive 50-fold scale-up in six years. World’s biggest green hydrogen project developers and partners come together to launch Green Hydrogen Catapult initiative New initiative aims to drive down costs to below $2 per kilogram, to transform energy across most carbon intensive industries, accelerating race to zero emissions Founding partners include. Seven companies— ACWA Power, CWP Renewables, Envision, Iberdrola, Ørsted, Snam, and Yara—announced a global coalition that will accelerate the scale and production of green hydrogen 50-fold in the next six years, helping to transform the world’s most carbon intensive industries, including power generation, chemicals, steelmaking and shipping. The new “Green Hydrogen Catapult” initiative will see green hydrogen industry leaders target the deployment of 25 gigawatts through 2026 of renewables-based hydrogen production, with a view to halve the current cost of hydrogen to below US$2 per kilogram.

Recent analysis suggests a US$2/kg price represents a potential tipping point that will make green hydrogen and its derivative fuels the energy source of choice across multiple sectors—including steel and fertilizer production, power generation, and long-range shipping—where ample near-term demand exists in Europe and elsewhere. Green ammonia, a derivative of green hydrogen, is also being tested to displace fossil fuels in thermal power generation, greatly decreasing the emissions intensity of existing energy infrastructure. Green hydrogen is produced by using renewable energy (wind and solar) to power electrolysis that splits water into its constituent parts. It is regarded as the leading contender to decarbonize emissions-intensive heavy industry and transport sectors. Having led the race to deliver photovoltaic energy at well-below US 2 cents per kilowatt-hour, in certain geographies, we believe the collective ingenuity and entrepreneurship of the private sector can deliver green hydrogen at less than US$2 per kilogram within four years. From an industry perspective, we see no technical barriers to achieving this, so it’s time to get on with the virtuous cycle of cost reduction through scale up.

Concurrently, the Saudi Arabia-based company is announced its commitment to the Business Ambition for 1.5 ºC campaign.

The Green Hydrogen Catapult aims to align the production and use of green hydrogen with a trajectory that displaces fossil fuels at a rate consistent with achieving net zero global emissions by 2050, and limiting global temperature increases to 1.5 degrees Celsius. In this way, the initiative is a key element of the private sector climate action strategy being pursued by UN High-Level Champions for Global Climate Action Nigel Topping and Gonzalo Muñoz through their “Race to Zero” campaign.

It is now estimated that green hydrogen could supply up to 25% of the world’s energy needs by 2050 and become a US$10-trillion addressable market by 2050. These projections are underpinned by the recent emergence of strong hydrogen-focused national hydrogen strategies including in Australia, Chile, Germany, the EU, Japan, New Zealand, Portugal, Spain and South Korea. Scaling up green hydrogen using existing infrastructure will be crucial to reaching climate goals. We believe that this new ‘coalition of the willing’ composed of leading companies in the private sector, with expertise, commitment and confidence in hydrogen’s potential, will play an important role in fostering cooperation and help to deliver the projects necessary to bring green hydrogen costs to the$2/kg tipping point even sooner than expected.

—Marco Alverà, CEO of Snam

In establishing the new Initiative, the founding partners of the Green Hydrogen Catapult are collaborating to accelerate the necessary technology, component manufacturing and construction advancements, market development and flow of investment. The Catapult target will require investment of roughly US\$110 billion and deliver more than 120,000 jobs, thus in parallel facilitating recovery from COVID-19.

Companies in this initiative will work toward the target by developing project capacity, supporting the design of specific tools to solve early market challenges, and sponsoring targeted collaboration to accelerate access to clean air, creation of green jobs, supply chain resilience, and economic growth using green hydrogen. Rocky Mountain Institute, a global non-profit think-and-do-tank, will facilitate the initiative alongside partners.

Just out is a UK Government report giving details of proposals to reduce GHG emissions through 2035 en route to zero in 2050:
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/dec/09/ending-uk-climate-emissions-affordable-net-zero-climate-change-committee

In the linked pdf it shows green hydrogen rising from providing less than 1 terrawat hours of electricity currently to 125TWh pa

Hydrogen is integral to any realistic plans for zero emissions, and those who reject hydrogen in one eyed enthusiasm for batteries are simply not in the real world if they are sincere in GHG ambitions.

Wasting power to produce H2 is irresponsible. Producing H2 via steam methane reforming is much more efficient. The power should be used to back out coal fired power generation.

@Be Manner

More renewables inherently mean power which is thrown away if not converted to chemicals enabling long term storage.

The UK produces almost none of its electricity from coal.

How it came producing "green" hydrogen is more efficient than "green" electricity. And whre hydrogen can be better than electricity as power source? Might be plains or ships. But that is not ifrustructure issue. No plains and not ships are available.

@Darius,
Green Hydrogen is not meant to replace Green Electricity nor to replace Battery, because green electricity and battery electricity will be used directly whenever available, and Green Hydrogen will be used as back up, AND for heating, combined heat and power, and industrial syntheses for which purposes, the efficiency of H2 utilization is nearly 100%. New method of steam electrolysis has raised the efficiency of H2 production to 94% based on HHV and 80% based on LHV of Hydrogen. This puts the round-trip efficiency of H2 to approach 90% by HHV for heating and industrial syntheses, to match the efficiency of battery e-storage.

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