Rolls-Royce conducts first tests of 100% sustainable aviation fuel in Pearl 700 engine for use in business jets
Rolls-Royce has conducted the first tests of 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) in a business jet engine. The tests on its latest business aviation engine in development, the Pearl 700, in Dahlewitz, Germany, came just weeks after unblended SAF was successfully used for the first time in engine ground tests on a Trent 1000 engine in Derby, UK.
SAFs tested on the Pearl 700
The Trent 1000 is a high-bypass turbofan engine produced that is one of the engine options for the Boeing 787.
Rolls-Royce said that the test demonstrated once again that current engines for large civil and business jet applications can operate with 100% SAF as a full “drop-in” option, laying the groundwork for moving this type of fuel towards certification.
At present, SAF is only certified for blends of up to 50% with conventional jet fuel and can be used on all current Rolls-Royce engines.
The SAF that was used in the tests was produced by World Energy in Paramount, California, sourced by Shell Aviation and delivered by SkyNRG. This unblended fuel has the potential to reduce net CO2 lifecycle emissions by more than 75% compared to conventional jet fuel, with the possibility of further reductions in future.
In January 2020, Shell and World Energy announced a multi-year collaboration to develop a scalable supply of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The SAF is produced by World Energy at its refinery in Paramount, California, from a feedstock of agricultural waste fats and oils. This CARB-certified Low Carbon Fuel and RSB-certified fuel meets strict sustainability standards and is blended with conventional jet fuel at a ratio of up to 30%, resulting in a fuel that has significantly lower lifecycle carbon emissions.
Sustainable aviation fuels have the potential to significantly reduce the carbon emissions of our engines and combining this potential with the extraordinary performance of our Pearl engine family brings us another important step closer to enabling our customers to achieve net zero carbon emissions.—Dr Joerg Au, Chief Engineer – Business Aviation and Engineering Director Rolls-Royce Deutschland
The highly efficient Pearl 700 combines the Advance2 engine core, the most efficient core available across the business aviation sector, with a new low-pressure system, resulting in an 8% increase in take-off thrust at 18,250lb compared to the BR725 engine. The engine offers a 12% better thrust-to-weight ratio and 5% higher efficiency, while maintaining its class-leading low noise and emissions performance.
It brings together innovative technologies derived from the Rolls-Royce Advance2 technology demonstrator programs with experience from the Rolls-Royce BR700, today’s leading engine family in business aviation. This includes a highly-efficient 51.8" blisked fan (a “blisk” combines both rotor disk and blades), a high pressure compressor with a market-leading pressure ratio of 24:1 and six blisked stages, an ultralow emissions combustor, a two-stage shroudless high pressure turbine and an enhanced four-stage low pressure turbine that is one of the most efficient and compact in the industry.